柴田バネッサ 通訳教室 & スカイプ授業

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テーマ:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gmn7tjSNyAA

 

00:00

 

https://www.ted.com/talks/kamal_meattle_on_how_to_grow_your_own_fresh_air/transcript

 


テーマ:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jsprh9kEvOk 
 

The Secretary-General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres' remarks at the Peace Memorial Ceremony.

Nagasaki, Japan, 9 August 2018

 

Nagasaki no minasama, konnichi wa. [Hello everyone.]

Minasama-ni ome-ni kakarete, kouei desu. [It is an honour to meet you.]

 

I am humbled, as Secretary-General of the United Nations, to be here with you to commemorate the women, men and children killed by the nuclear attack on Nagasaki on 9 August 1945.

 

I convey my deepest respect and condolences to everyone here today, and to all the victims and survivors of the atomic bombs.

 

It is a great personal pleasure to be here in Nagasaki. My country, Portugal, has deep political, cultural and religious ties with this city, going back nearly five centuries.

 

But Nagasaki is not just an international city with a long and fascinating history. It is a global inspiration for all those who seek to create a safer and more secure world.

 

This city, your city, is a beacon of hope and strength, and a monument to the resilience of its people.

 

The atomic bomb that killed and injured tens of thousands of people in the immediate aftermath of the blast, and in the years and decades that followed, could not crush your spirit.

 

The survivors of Nagasaki and Hiroshima, the Hibakusha, have become leaders for peace and disarmament here in Japan and around the world. They are defined not by the cities that were destroyed, but by the peace that the world needs and they seek to build.

 

From the other side of the apocalypse, the Hibakusha have raised their voices on behalf of the entire human family. We must listen.

 

There can be no more Hiroshimas, no more Nagasakis, and so no more Hibakusha.

 

Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, and dear children,

 

Sadly, 73 years on, fears of nuclear war are still with us. Millions of people, including here in Japan, live in a shadow cast by the dread of unthinkable carnage.

 

States in possession of nuclear weapons are spending vast sums to modernize their arsenals.

 

More than $1.7 trillion dollars was spent in 2017 on arms and armies - the highest level since the end of the Cold War and around 80 times the amount needed for global humanitarian aid.

 

Meanwhile, disarmament processes have slowed and even come to a halt.

 

Many states demonstrated their frustration by adopting the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons last year.

 

Let us also recognize the persistent peril of other deadly weapons.

 

Chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction, and those being developed for cyberwarfare, pose a grave threat.

 

And conflicts fought with conventional weapons are lasting longer and are becoming more deadly for civilians.

 

There is an urgent need for disarmament of all kinds, but especially nuclear disarmament.

 

This is the backdrop to the global disarmament initiative that I launched in May.

 

Disarmament is a driving force for maintaining international peace and security. It is a tool for ensuring national security. It helps to uphold the principles of humanity, promote sustainable development and protect civilians.

 

My agenda for disarmament is based on concrete measures that will lower the risk of nuclear annihilation, prevent conflict of all kinds, and reduce the suffering that the proliferation and use of arms causes to civilians.

 

The agenda makes clear that nuclear weapons undermine global, national and human security. The total elimination of nuclear weapons remains the highest disarmament priority of the United Nations.

 

Here in Nagasaki, I call on all countries to commit to nuclear disarmament and to start making visible progress as a matter of urgency.

 

Nuclear-weapon States have a special responsibility to lead.

 

Let Nagasaki and Hiroshima remind us to put peace first every day; to work on conflict prevention and resolution, reconciliation and dialogue, and to tackle the roots of conflict and violence.

 

Peace is not an abstract concept and it does not come about by chance. Peace is tangible, and it can be built by hard work, solidarity, compassion and respect.

 

Out of the horror of the atomic bomb, we can reach a deeper understanding of our irreducible bonds of responsibility to each other.

 

Let us all commit to making Nagasaki the last place on earth to suffer nuclear devastation.

I will work with you to that end.

Thank you. Arigato gozaimasu.

https://www.asahi.com/articles/ASL877TL5L87TOLB00R.html?iref=pc_extlink

 


テーマ:

Benjamin Netanyahu's full AIPAC speech

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EwZAmsmXy6w

https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/full-text-bejamin-netanyahu-addresses-2018-aipac-confab-1.5883524

 

Good morning, AIPAC!

It’s always good to be here, but as I told President Trump yesterday, it’s especially great to be in America’s capital now that he has recognized Jerusalem as Israel's capital. Thank you, President Trump, for that historic decision. Thank you for announcing another decision: to move the American embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem this independence day.

And the first ambassador to have the honor of working from that embassy in Jerusalem is a great American ambassador, David Friedman.

David, thank you for that terrific job that you’re doing. You know who else is doing a terrific job? Israel ambassador to Washington, Ron Dermer! Stand up, Ron! Thank you for the terrific job you’re doing.

I want to thank Mort Fridman, Lillian Pinkus. Lillian, you don’t have to remind them how far back we go together!

Howard Kohr, AIPAC’s nuclear core, everyone at AIPAC, I want to thank all of you for the work you’re doing to strengthen the remarkable alliance between our two countries. Thank you.

I want to acknowledge the Israeli ministers and representatives here in the U.S. and the UN, the many members of congress and the former leaders of countries who are here. In particular, I want to acknowlSteven, we never forget our friends and you were a tremendous friend and still are. And finally, I want to thank the four thousand students who are here with us today, four thousand! Thank you for cutting class to be here. If any of you need a note, you can see me later – there’s a line forming outside.edge my friend, a great champion of Israel, the former Prime Minister of Canada, Steven Harper. Steven, stand up please.

 

 

Now, what I can see is this – it’s dark but I can see something – I can see that the audience in this hall each year is getting bigger and bigger and bigger! Eighteen thousand strong! I want to see all of you and I can’t! I don’t want to stand behind this podium. Is it okay? What the heck, I’m the prime minister! Yeah great! Good to see you! Thank you! I’ll get there too, don’t worry!

So today, I want to ask you- you remember that great Clint Eastwood movie “The Good the Bad and the Ugly”? Well, I want to talk about the good the bad and the beautiful! The good, and all the good things that we are doing in Israel that are helping make the world a better place.

The bad are all the bad things that malevolent forces are trying to do to Israel and the world, and specifically, I’m talking about Iran. The official – that I’ll leave to the last.

First, the good news- Israel has never had a stronger military – tremendously strong. That’s an F-35 fighter plane, the most advanced in the world. That’s an Iron Dome interceptor and many other systems that we developed with the help of America. Thank you America!

Thank you successive American presidents! Thank you congress, Republicans and Democrats alike! Thank you AIPAC, for helping bring this about! You’re terrific! And this incredible military is buttressed by superb intelligence, unmatched in the world. Can you see me? I can hardly see you. I need to get closer. Now I see you. Superb intelligence.

You know, in the last few years Israel’s incredible intelligence services have foiled dozens, dozens of major terrorist attacks across the world in dozens of countries.

That plane could have been blown out of the sky if it weren’t for Israeli intelligence. You’re boarding planes when you leave this place. You are safer because of Israeli intelligence. It not only protects Israeli lives, it protects innocent lives around the world. And we’re able to do all this because of the extraordinary soldiers of the IDF – men and women, black and white, religious and secular, gay and straight, Jews, Muslims, Christians, Druze, Circassians – they come from different backgrounds but they’re united with a common missions: To protect the State of Israel.

They keep us safe, they make us proud. Thank you.

Now, I know there are quite a few veterans of the Israeli army here, so I want you to stand up, I want you to be recognized, stand up, stand up. 
But the good news doesn’t stop merely with Israel’s strong military. It continues with Israel’s strong economy. It’s a tremendously strong economy. I’ll tell you, we made it stronger by moving Israel to free market principles, which unleashed the spark of genius in our people.

Entrepreneurship – there’s a revolution taking place, this couldn’t happen at a better time. Look at the top countries in 2006 – five energy, one IT. A mere 10 years later, 2016, a blink of an eye in historical terms, it’s completely reversed. Five IT companies, one energy company left. The true wealth is in innovation. 

You know, these companies – Apple, Google, Microsoft, Amazon, Facebook – guess what? They all have research centers in Israel! Major research centers. And they’re not alone, there are hundreds more and there’s a reason: something is going on. It’s a great change. It’s want to hear jargon? This is a terrible sentence, but it’s the confluence of big data, connectivity, and artificial intelligence. You get that? You know what they do? It revolutionizes old industries and creates entirely new industries!

Here’s an old industry we were always great at, agriculture. Now we have precision agriculture! See that drone in the sky? Connected to a big database there are sensors in the field, in the field drip irrigation, fertilization, and now we can target with this tech the water we give, the fertilizer we give, down to the individual plant that needs it. That’s precision agriculture, that’s Israeli! 

You know, we were always good at water; I want you to see how good we are. We recycle almost 90 percent of our waste water. The next country, with less than 20 percent, is Spain.

Take these two things – agriculture, water – and the other tech we apply in both, we can change the world. We are, we are!

I just heard about an African woman in Africa, who has to walk 8 hours to give water to her children. Four hours one way, four hours back. A young Israeli brought to the country a company that improves osmosis, they made one from thin air – they bring water to Africa, to millions of people in Africa, Israeli technology! I was just recently in India, that’s my friend, Modi! Great friend. I’m showing him cherry tomatoes, this is Israeli technology and what I heard there was fantastic. Farmers came from the region, there’s a farm there and a place where Israel gives tech know-how to Indian farmers, 65 percent of India’s coop is farmers. One after the other gets up and says: "Because of Israeli tech, I’ve increased crop yields and income three, four, five times." Israel is changing the world in India, Asia, Africa, Latin America, everywhere! 

These are the old industries. Now there are new industries, Israel is literally driving the world. I’m talking about anonymous vehicles! Israel is world leader in autonomous vehicles, 500 tech companies that sprang up instantaneously, one of them just sold to intel for a paltry sum of 15 billion dollar. Here are the keys to our 30 worldwide autonomous vehicles – you run it. Israel technology is driving the world.

One last industry – many more, one you’re all familiar with. You have bank accounts? You should. Ok. You don’t want anyone hacking into them, or into your cars, or into the planes. You need cyber security, everybody needs cyber. Israel has become a world leader in cyber security. Look how much they invest in hundreds of Israeli startup companies. Here’s another fact: Israel’s population is how much? Who knows? Class?

Eight million, closer to nine, between eight and nine million. What percentage is that of the world population? Oh come on, it’s one tenth of one percent! What percentage do we get of the world global investment in cyber security? We’re one tenth of one percent and we get a whopping 20 percent of global private investment in cyber. We’re punching two hundred times above our weight. Not two times, not 10, but 200 times above our weight. That’s one heck of a punch. Very strong. 

Now here’s how the dots connect. Because we have this tremendous capacity for security and intelligence, this tremendous civilian technology for making the lives of people richer, safer, more productive, many countries are coming to Israel because they want to share with us these benefits. And that creates the third great change, which is a flourishing of Israel’s diplomatic relations around the world.

When I joined the Foreign Service, 105 years ago, as the DFM to this city, number two in our embassy, I think we had about 80 or 90 countries with diplomatic relations. Not there is 160 and very few countries left – by the way, what are we doing with Greenland? Go to Greenland? They must have some satellite needs or something we can do there. 

We’re coloring the world blue. I’ve been to Africa 3 times in 18 months I’ve been to South America, Latin America— in the 70 years in the history of America of PM never went south of Texas? I love Texas but yeah, I do. We went to Argentina, we went to Columbia, to Mexico, and they said come back, we want more. That is changing. All these countries are coming to us, India, China Mongolia, Kazakhstan, all of it. Azerbaijan, Muslim countries. [For the] First time I visited Australia, tremendous, far away though. We’re coloring the world blue.

Remember when people talked about Israel’s isolation? Pretty soon the countries that don't have relations with us they’re going to be isolated.

There are those who talk about boycotting Israel, we’ll boycott them!

So the good news is very good, and it’s getting better. The bad news, and that’s the bad news, is the bad things are getting worse and they're very bad. When I talk about that, we have to deal with this challenge and I’m thinking specifically what do we do about Iran. The force behind so much of what is bad is this radical tyranny in Tehran. If I have a message for you today, it’s a very simple one. We must stop Iran. We will stop Iran.

When I last spoke here, I warned— tried to warn—the world about a nuclear deal that was a threat to the survival of Israel. The security of the region, the peace of the world. I warned that Iran’s regime had repeatedly lied to the international community, that it could not be trusted. I warned that the deal gives Iran a clear path towards developing a nuclear arsenal in little more than a decade. I warned that by removing Iran's sanctions Iran's regime would not become more moderate and peaceful but more extreme and belligerent, much more dangerous. Ladies and gentleman, that’s exactly what is happening. Here is what Iran is doing today: can you enlarge that (referring to screen)? No? Can you see that? Yeah ok.

Well. Darkness is descending on our region. Iran is building an aggressive empire, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Gaza, Yemen, more to come. Now Iran is seeking to build permanent military bases in Syria, seeking to create a land bridge from Tartus, the Mediterranean, and in addition to moving its arming its air force, its navy, to Syria, to be able to attack Israel from a closer hand. It's also seeking to develop, to build, precision guided missile factories in Syria, Lebanon, against Israel, I will not let happen. We will not let that happen. We must stop Iran, we will stop Iran.

Last week we read in the book of Esther about an earlier Persian attempt to exterminate our people. They failed then, they'll fail now. We will never let Iran develop nuclear weapons. Not now, not in 10 years, not ever.

President Trump has made it clear that his admin will not accept Iran's aggression in the region. He has made clear that he too will never accept a nuclear armed Iran. That is the right policy; I salute president Trump on this! And the president has also made it clear that if the fatal flaws of the nuclear deal are not fixed he will walk away from the deal and restore sanctions. Israel will be right there by American sides and, let me tell you, so will other countries in the region. As we counter Iran's aggression. We shall always remember the brave people of Iran. Their suffering, their hopes, their courage, women are jailed for removing their hijabs, students are tortured, tortured and shot for advocating freedom. We stand with those in Iran who stand for freedom.

Now, I believe that a day will come when this horrible tyranny will disappear, will perish from the earth and at that point the historic friendship between people of Israel and people of Persia will be reestablished. Today we have [biblical villain] Haman, tomorrow we’ll have [king] Cyrus! And friendship! And Greece! My friends, as we work together to confront the bad, there is also potential to advance the good that paradoxically comes from the bad. Because most of the states in our region knows, they know very well, that Israel is not their enemy, but their indispensable ally in confronting our common challenges and seizing our common opportunities. This is true for Egypt and Jordan, Israel's longtime peace partners, but also true of many other Arab countries in the Middle East. Israel is committed to achieving peace with all our neighbors, including Palestinians.

President Trump has made it clear that he is committed to peace; I’ve made it clear that I am, we appreciate the effort of trump's superb team, Jared Kushner, Jason Greenblatt, David Freidman, thank you all for your hard work for peace. But to get peace, President Abbas has to embrace peace and stop supporting terror. Raise your hands high if you agree with me that President Abbas should stop paying terrorists to murder Jews. You know how much he pays? He pays about 350 million a year to terrorists and their families. Each year. That’s about a little less than 10% of the total Palestinian budget. That's an incredible number, he pays Hakim Awad, the terrorist who murdered this beautiful family of Ehud and Ruth Fogel and their three children and a 3-month-old baby girl, he pays Hakim Awad this murderer. Over the lifetime of this killer he will be receiving 2 million dollars. I have a message for president Abbas. Stop paying terrorists!

Because what message does this send to Palestinian children? It says murder Jews and get rich!

And I believe President Abbas should find better use for this money. To build roads, schools hospitals, factories. Build life, don’t pay death. Invest in life, invest in peace. Israel hopes that the passage of the Taylor Force Act will make clear to Abbas that America has 0 tolerances for terror.

Ladies and gentleman, I have spoken about the good and the bad. There’s plenty of both, but I want to end with a few words about the beautiful.

I'm talking about the beautiful alliance between Israel and the United States of America. I'm talking about the beautiful alliance that has brought all of you to Washington, that you work day in and day out to make stronger, better. What is this beautiful alliance made of? Made of our shared values. That’s the wellspring of the great alliance, of the great alliance between our two countries. All you need to do is leave this room, this hall, you walk around a few blocks from here and you see these majestic monuments, you can learn from them all about our common values.

They come from a certain book a great book, a good book, called the bible. It said that all of us are created in the image of god, and it’s inspired Jefferson to write the declaration of independence, that all men are created equal, all women too by the way. And that book inspired Abraham Lincoln in the darkest days in Americas civil war. He found inspiration in the words of our greatest king, King David, when he said the wounds of divided America would heal and judgments of the lord are true and righteous.

Just as the stirring words of prophet Amos inspired Martin Luther King Junior when he stood before Lincoln memorial and promised to carry on the struggle until justice runs down like water, and righteousness like a mighty stream. These values are an inseparable part of America’s story, of Israel's story.

Today, together, we are writing a new chapter in our common story— a story of freedom, of justice, peace, of hope, and it’s because we’re inspired by the same idea. Because we’re animated by the same values, that American and Israel have forged an eternal bond that can never, ever be broken.

Thank you AIPAC. God bless Israel, God bless America, and god bless the Israel America alliance. Thank you, thank you all.

 


テーマ:

President Trump News Conference on U.S.-North Korea Summit

https://www.c-span.org/video/?446895-1/president-trump-holds-post-summit-news-conference-singapore

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a4vZVCdg7gw

https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/press-conference-president-trump/

 

Capella Hotel    Singapore

 

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, thank you very much, everybody.  We appreciate it.  We’re getting ready to go back.  We had a tremendous 24 hours.  We’ve had a tremendous three months, actually, because this has been going on for quite a while.  That was a tape that we gave to Chairman Kim and his people, his representatives.  And it captures a lot.  It captures what could be done.  And that’s a great — a great place.  It has the potential to be an incredible place.  Between South Korea — if you think about it — and China, it’s got tremendous potential.  And I think he understands that and he wants to do what’s right.

 

It’s my honor today to address the people of the world, following this very historic summit with Chairman Kim Jong Un of North Korea.  We spent very intensive hours together, and I think most of you have gotten the signed document, or you will very shortly.  It’s very comprehensive.  It’s going to happen.

I stand before you as an emissary of the American people to deliver a message of hope and vision, and a message of peace.

 

Let me begin by thanking our incredible hosts in Singapore, especially Prime Minister Lee, a friend of mine.  This is a country of profound grace and beauty, and we send our warmest wishes to every citizen of Singapore, who really made this visit so important and so pleasant, despite all of the work and all of the long hours.

 

I also want to thank President Moon of South Korea.  He’s working hard.  In fact, I’ll be speaking to him right after we’re finished.  Prime Minister Abe of Japan — a friend of mine — just left our country, and he wants what’s right for Japan and for the world.  He’s a good man.  And a very special person, President Xi of China, who has really closed up that border — maybe a little bit less so over the last couple of months, but that’s okay.  But he really has.  And he’s a terrific person and a friend of mine, and really a great leader of his people.  I want to thank them for their efforts to help us get to this very historic day.

 

Most importantly, I want to thank Chairman Kim for taking the first bold step toward a bright new future for his people.  Our unprecedented meeting — the first between an American President and a leader of North Korea — proves that real change is indeed possible.

My meeting with Chairman Kim was honest, direct, and productive.  We got to know each other well in a very confined period of time, under very strong, strong circumstance.  We’re prepared to start a new history and we’re ready to write a new chapter between our nations.

 

Nearly 70 years ago — think of that; 70 years ago — an extremely bloody conflict ravaged the Korean Peninsula.  Countless people died in the conflict, including tens of thousands of brave Americans.  Yet, while the armistice was agreed to, the war never ended.  To this day, never ended.  But now we can all have hope that it will soon end.  And it will.  It will soon end.

 

The past does not have to define the future.  Yesterday’s conflict does not have to be tomorrow’s war.  And as history has proven over and over again, adversaries can indeed become friends.  We can honor the sacrifice of our forefathers by replacing the horrors of battle with the blessings of peace.  And that’s what we’re doing and that’s what we have done.

 

There is no limit to what North Korea can achieve when it gives up its nuclear weapons and embraces commerce and engagement with the rest of the world — that really wants to engage.  Chairman Kim has before him an opportunity like no other: to be remembered as the leader who ushered in a glorious new era of security and prosperity for his people.

 

Chairman Kim and I just signed a joint statement in which he reaffirmed his “unwavering commitment to complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.”  We also agreed to vigorous negotiations to implement the agreement as soon as possible.  And he wants to do that.  This isn’t the past.  This isn’t another administration that never got it started and therefore never got it done.

 

Chairman Kim has told me that North Korea is already destroying a major missile engine testing site.  That’s not in your signed document; we agreed to that after the agreement was signed.  That’s a big thing — for the missiles that they were testing, the site is going to be destroyed very soon.

 

Today is the beginning of an arduous process.  Our eyes are wide open, but peace is always worth the effort, especially in this case.  This should have been done years ago.  This should have been resolved a long time ago, but we’re resolving it now.

 

Chairman Kim has the chance to seize an incredible future for his people.  Anyone can make war, but only the most courageous can make peace.

 

The current state of affairs cannot endure forever.  The people of Korea — North and South — are profoundly talented, industrious, and gifted.  These are truly gifted people.  They share the same heritage, language, customs, culture, and destiny.  But to realize their amazing destiny, to reunite their national family, the menace of nuclear weapons will now be removed.

 

In the meantime, the sanctions will remain in effect.  We dream of a future where all Koreans can live together in harmony, where families are reunited and hopes are reborn, and where the light of peace chases away the darkness of war.  This bright future is within — and this is what’s happening.  It is right there.  It’s within our reach.  It’s going to be there.  It’s going to happen.  People thought this could never take place.  It is now taking place.  It’s a very great day.  It’s a very great moment in the history of the world.

 

And Chairman Kim is on his way back to North Korea.  And I know for a fact, as soon as he arrives, he’s going to start a process that’s going to make a lot of people very happy and very safe.

 

So it’s an honor to be with everybody today.  The media — this is a big gathering of media, I will say.  It makes me feel very uncomfortable.  (Laughter.)  But it is what it is.  People understand that this is something very important to all of us, including yourselves and your families.

 

So thank you very much for being here.  We’ll take some questions.  Wow.  That’s a lot of questions.  Go ahead.  Sure, go ahead.  NBC.

 

Q    Thank you, Mr. President.  Two questions for you, if you don’t mind.  First, the man you met today, Kim Jong Un, as you know, has killed family members, has starved his own people, is responsible for the death of Otto Warmbier.  Why are you so comfortable calling him “very talented”?

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, he is very talented.  Anybody that takes over a situation like he did, at 26 years of age, and is able to run it, and run it tough — I don’t say he was nice or I don’t say anything about it — he ran it.  Very few people, at that age — you can take one out of ten thousand, probably, couldn’t do it.

 

Otto Warmbier is a very special person, and he will be for a long time, in my life.  His parents are good friends of mine.  I think, without Otto, this would not have happened.  Something happened, from that day.  It was a terrible thing.  It was brutal.  But a lot of people started to focus on what was going on, including North Korea.

 

I really think that Otto is someone who did not die in vain.  I told this to his parents.  Special young man.  And I have to say, special parents, special people.  Otto did not die in vain.  He had a lot to do with us being here today.  Okay?  Thank you very much.

 

Q    Mr. President, that second question for you, sir, was on the security — the second question, sir —

THE PRESIDENT:  Go ahead.

Q    — on the security assurances you talked about in your statement.  Can you be specific about what assurances you are willing to give to Kim Jong Un?  Does that include reducing military capabilities?

THE PRESIDENT:  No.

Q    And just to follow up on your answer —

THE PRESIDENT:  No, we’re not reducing anything.  We’re not reducing.  At some point, I have to be honest — and I used to say this during my campaign, as you know, probably, better than most — I want to get our soldiers out.  I want to bring our soldiers back home.  We have, right now, 32,000 soldiers in South Korea, and I’d like to be able to bring them back home.  But that’s not part of the equation right now.  At some point, I hope it will be, but not right now.

 

We will be stopping the war games, which will save us a tremendous amount of money, unless and until we see the future negotiation is not going along like it should.  But we’ll be saving a tremendous amount of money.  Plus, I think it’s very provocative.

 

Yes, John.  Yes, John, go ahead.  Oh, go ahead.  I’m sorry, I thought you were John Roberts.  I looked at you, you just like —

 

Q    It’s all right.

THE PRESIDENT:  Much better, right?

 

Q    Frequently — we’re frequently confused, Mr. President.

THE PRESIDENT:  Yes.

 

Q    Mr. President, this joint statement does not talk about verifiable or irreversible denuclearization.

THE PRESIDENT:  Yeah.

Q    Was that a concession on the part of the United States?

THE PRESIDENT:  No, not at all.  Because if you look at it, I mean, it said we are going to — let’s see here — it will be gone.  I don’t think you can be anymore plain than what we’re asking — “issues related to the establishment of the new U.S. DPRK relations” — the building.  We talk about the guarantees, and we talk about “unwavering commitment to the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.”  This is the document that we just signed.

 

Q    Did you discuss with Chairman Kim methods to verify, either with the United States or international organizations, that very process?  And do you have a timetable —

THE PRESIDENT:  Yes, we did.  Yes, we did.  And we’ll be verifying.

Q    Can you give that to us?

THE PRESIDENT:  Yeah, we’ll be verifying.  It will be verified.

Q    How is that going to be achieved, Mr. President?

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, it’s going to be achieved by having a lot of people there, and as we develop a certain trust.  And we think we have done that.  Secretary Pompeo has been really doing a fantastic job — his staff, everybody.  As we do that, we’re going to have a lot of people there, and we’re going to be working with them on a lot of other things.  But this is complete denuclearization of North Korea, and it will be verified.

Q    Will those people be Americans or international —

THE PRESIDENT:  Uh, combinations of both.  Combinations of both.  And we have talked about it, yes.

Yeah, go ahead.  Be nice.  Be respectful.

 

Q    I’ll be very respectful, sir.  What did Kim Jong Un say to you to give you the confidence that, for once in the history of North Korea, they are not cheating the system, and gaming the world, and gaming the people who will have to go in and make sure that they’re actually giving up their nuclear arsenal?  What did he say to you?

THE PRESIDENT:  Yeah, I mean, very fair question.  He actually mentioned the fact that they proceeded down a path in the past, and, ultimately, as you know, nothing got done.  In one case, they took billions of dollars — during the Clinton regime — took billions of dollars and nothing happened.  That was a terrible thing, and he actually brought it up to me.

 

And he said we have never gone this far.  I don’t think they’ve ever had the confidence, frankly, in a President that they have right now for getting things done and having the ability to get things done.  And he was very firm in the fact that he wants to do this.  I think he might want to do this as much or even more than me because they see a very bright future for North Korea.

 

So you never know.  Right?  We never know.  But I’ll tell you what, we signed a very comprehensive document today, and I think most of you have been given that document.  But we signed a very, very comprehensive document, and I believe he’s going to live up to that document.  In fact, when he lands — which is going to be shortly — I think that he will start that process right away.

 

 


テーマ:

Theresa May (Britain, the great meritocracy: Prime Minister's speech) 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zFB44HWFmBs  

 

When I stood in Downing Street as Prime Minister for the first time this summer, I set out my mission to build a country that works for everyone. Today I want to talk a little more about what that means and lay out my vision for a truly meritocratic Britain that puts the interests of ordinary, working class people first. We are facing a moment of great change as a nation. As we leave the European Union, we must define an ambitious new role for ourselves in the world. That involves asking ourselves what kind of country we want to be: a confident, global trading nation that continues to play its full part on the world stage. But at the same time, I believe we have a precious opportunity to step back and ask some searching questions about what kind of country we want to be here at home too. In fact, it’s not just an opportunity, but a duty. Because one thing is clear. When the British people voted in the referendum, they did not just choose to leave the European Union. They were also expressing a far more profound sense of frustration about aspects of life in Britain and the way in which politics and politicians have failed to respond to their concerns. Some voted for the first time in more than 30 years. Some for the first time ever. And they were inspired to do so because they saw a chance to reject the politics of ‘business as usual’ and to demand real, profound change. Fed up with being ignored or told that their priorities were somehow invalid, based on ignorance and misunderstanding, or even on occasion that they were simply wrong to voice the concerns that they did, Britain, the great meritocracy: Prime Minister's speech - GOV.UK https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/britain-the-great-meritocracy-prime-ministers-speech[27/09/2017 10:02:46] they took their opportunity to send a very clear message: they will not be ignored anymore. They want to take back control of the things that matter in their lives. They want a government that listens, understands and is on their side. They want change. And this government is going to deliver it. Everything we do will be driven, not by the interests of the privileged few. Not by those with the loudest voices, the special interests, the greatest wealth or the access to influence. This government’s priorities are those of ordinary, working class people. People for whom life sometimes can be a struggle, but who get on with things without complaint. They get on with their jobs – sometimes 2 or even 3 of them – because they have families to feed and support, bills to pay and because to work for a fair reward is the right thing to do. They get on with their lives quietly, going about their business, going out to work, raising families, helping neighbours, making their communities what they are. They don’t ask for much, but they want to know that the people that make the big decisions are on their side, working for them. They want to believe that everyone plays by the same rules and things are fair. And above all they want to believe that if they uphold their end of the deal – they do the right thing, they work hard, they pay their taxes – then tomorrow will be better than today and their children will have a fair chance in life, the chance to go as far as their talents will take them. These are not outrageous demands or ridiculous desires, but for too many of these people today life does not seem fair. They are the people who made real sacrifices after the financial crash in 2008, though they were in no way responsible. They wonder if others – some of whom really do bear responsibility for the crash – did the same. More than anything else, they worry – truly worry – that the changing world around them means that their children and grandchildren won’t have the same opportunities they have enjoyed in life. They deserve a better deal. And to give them that, we should take this opportunity to step back and pose a fundamental question: what kind of country – what kind of society - do we want to be? I am clear about the answer. I want Britain to be the world’s great meritocracy – a country where everyone has a fair chance to go as far as their talent and their hard work will allow. I want us to be a country where everyone plays by the same rules; where ordinary, working class people have more control over their lives and the chance to share fairly in the prosperity of the nation. And I want Britain to be a place where advantage is based on merit not privilege; where it’s your talent and hard work that matter, not where you were born, who your parents are or what your accent sounds like. Let us not underestimate what it will take to create that great meritocracy. It means taking on some big challenges, tackling some vested interests. Overcoming barriers that have been constructed over many years. It means not being afraid to think differently about what disadvantage means, who we want to help and Britain, the great meritocracy: Prime Minister's speech - GOV.UK https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/britain-the-great-meritocracy-prime-ministers-speech[27/09/2017 10:02:46] how we can help them. Because where once we reached for simple ways of labelling people disadvantaged and were quick to pose simple – and often fairly blunt – solutions, in these modern times disadvantage is much more complex. It’s often hidden and less easy to identify. It’s caused by factors that are more indirect and tougher to tackle than ever before. But tackle it we must if we are to give ordinary, working class people the better deal they deserve. It means marking a significant shift in the way that government works in Britain too. Because government and politicians have for years talked the language of social justice – where we help the very poorest – and social mobility – where we help the brightest among the poor. But to make Britain a great meritocracy, we must move beyond this agenda and deliver real social reform across every layer of society so that those whom the system would currently miss – those just above the threshold for help today yet those who are by no means rich or well off – are given the help they need. It means putting government firmly on the side of not only the poorest in our society, important though that is and will remain, but also of those in Britain who are working hard but just about managing. It means helping to make their lives a little easier; giving them greater control over the issues they care about the most. This is the change we need. It will mean changing some of the philosophy underpinning how government thinks and acts. It will mean recalibrating how we approach policy development to ensure that everything we do as government helps to give a fair chance to those who are just getting by – while still helping those who are even more disadvantaged. I don’t pretend this change will be easy – change rarely is – but this is the change we need if we are to make Britain the great meritocracy I want it to be. Over the coming weeks and months the government will set out an ambitious programme of economic and social reform that will help us make this change and build a true meritocracy in our country. But there is no more important place to start than education. Because if the central concern ordinary working class people have is that their children will not enjoy the same opportunities they have had in life, we need to ensure that there is a good school place for every child, and education provision that caters to the individual needs and abilities of every pupil. Schools that work for everyone We start from a position of strength. This government has a proud record of school reform. We have opened up the system, introducing a real diversity of provision. We have schools where teachers and headteachers are free to make the decisions that are best for them. And through successful policies such as a renewed focus on learning the basics of reading in primary schools, and initiatives to help young people pursue a strong academic core of subjects at secondary level, we are ensuring that every child has the opportunity to develop the core knowledge that underpins everything else. We have put control in the hands of parents and headteachers, and encouraged people from all walks of life who are passionate about education to bring their best ideas and innovations to our school system. Britain, the great meritocracy: Prime Minister's speech - GOV.UK https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/britain-the-great-meritocracy-prime-ministers-speech[27/09/2017 10:02:46] The Academies and Free Schools movement overseen by pioneers such as Andrew Adonis and Michael Gove has been a huge success and begun to build an education system fit for the future. As a result, there are more good or outstanding schools today than ever before in our country. And there are now more than 1.4 million more pupils in schools rated good or outstanding than in 2010. Our curriculum reforms mean that the proportion of pupils taking core academic subjects at GCSE is up by almost 4-fifths. We are driving up school standards to match the best international comparisons, with a record number of pupils securing a place at one of our world-class universities this summer. We can be proud of these achievements but there is still a long way to go. Because for too many children, a good school remains out of reach. There are still 1.25 million attending primary and secondary schools in England which are rated by Ofsted as requiring improvement or inadequate. If schools across the north and Midlands had the same average standards as those in the south, nearly 200,000 more children would be attending good schools. Let’s be honest about what these statistics mean. They mean that for far too many children in Britain, the chance they have in life is determined by where they live or how much money their parents have. And they mean that for far too many ordinary working class people, no matter how hard they work, how many hours they put in or how many sacrifices they make, they cannot be confident that their children will get the chances they deserve. For when you are working 2 jobs and struggling to make ends meet, it is no good being told that you can choose a better school for your children if you move to a different area or pay to go private. Those aren’t choices that you can make. And they are not choices that you should have to make. So we need to go further, building on and extending our reforms so that we can truly say that there will be a good school place for every child, and one that caters to their individual needs. But as we do it, we also need to change our philosophy and approach, because at the moment the school system works if you’re well off and can buy your way into the school you want, and it provides extra help and support if you’re from a disadvantaged family. If you’re eligible for free school meals, and your parents earn less than £16,000 a year, then there is extra help on offer. That is good and right – and as long as I am Prime Minister, the pupil premium for the poorest children will remain. But the free school meals measure only captures a relatively small number of pupils, whose parents are on income-related benefits. If we are going to make the change we need and build a great meritocracy in Britain, we need to broaden our perspective and do more for the hidden disadvantaged: children whose parents are on modest incomes, who do not qualify for such benefits but who are, nevertheless, still only just getting by. If you’re earning 19, 20, 21 thousand pounds a year, you’re not rich. You’re not well off. And you should know you have our support too. At the moment there is no way to differentiate between the school experience of children from these Britain, the great meritocracy: Prime Minister's speech - GOV.UK https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/britain-the-great-meritocracy-prime-ministers-speech[27/09/2017 10:02:46] families and those from the wealthiest 10%. Policy has been skewed by the focus only on those in receipt of free school meals, when the reality is that there are thousands of children from ordinary working class families who are being let down by the lack of available good school places. Putting this right means finding a way to identify these children and measuring their attainment and progress within the school system. That work is underway and is central to my vision of a school system that truly works for everyone. But we must also deliver a radical increase in the capacity of the school system so that these families can be sure of their children getting good school places. And this is really important. Because I don’t just want to see more school places but more good school places. And I don’t just want to see more new schools, but more good new schools that each in their way contribute to a diversity of provision that caters to the needs and abilities of each individual child, whoever they are and wherever they are from. Every child should be given the opportunity to develop the crucial academic core. And thanks to our reforms that is increasingly the case. But people understand that every child is different too, with different talents, different interests, different dreams. To help them realise their potential and achieve those dreams we need a school system with the capacity and capability to respond to what they need. School capacity So as we radically expand the number of good school places available to all families – not 

 

just those who can afford to buy an expensive house, pay for an expensive private school, or fund the extra tuition their child needs to succeed – I want to encourage more people, schools and institutions with something to offer to come forward and help. In the last 6 years, we have seen individuals and communities put staggering amounts of time and effort into setting up good new schools. Some of the best state schools, charities, universities, private schools, and businesses have stepped forward to get involved. And, increasingly, the best state schools are sponsoring the least good. This has been a revolution in our schools system. But with 1.25 million children still attending schools that are struggling, we need to do much more to increase the capacity of the system so every child can get the education they deserve. So let’s now build on the success of school reform, let’s encourage others to play their part, and let’s remove the barriers they face so we can do more. Let’s sweep away those barriers and encourage more people to join us in the task of delivering a good school place for every child. Let’s build a truly dynamic school system where schools and institutions learn from one another, support one another and help one another. Let’s offer a diverse range of good schools that ensure the individual talents and abilities of every child are catered for. Britain, the great meritocracy: Prime Minister's speech - GOV.UK https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/britain-the-great-meritocracy-prime-ministers-speech[27/09/2017 10:02:46] That is my ambition. And there are 4 specific proposals I want to talk about today that I believe will help

 

Transcript: http://dera.ioe.ac.uk/30099/1/Britain%2C%20the%20great%20meritocracy_%20Prime%20Minister%27s%20speech%20-%20GOV.UK.pdf

 

(The Queen, Theresa May and Prince Charles, etc. address Commonwealth leaders) transcript: attached

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qrkBNYMKXEs  


テーマ:

How to Get to the Most Out of Interpetrain's Note-Taking Manual: A Court Interpreter Training Course

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EZ_6-xHaxHY&t=2557s

 

Note-Taking Practice Video  

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ni34Am19XFA

 

Consecutive Note Taking-Part 2  

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HkgxxRvVdQQ

 

Analysis exercises for consecutive interpreting

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mSqw3e1ddM0

 

The Pleasures and Pains of Working as an Interpreter - Lýdia Machová at the Polyglot Gathering 2015  

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mMLXYXOEHk0

 


テーマ:

https://www.ted.com/talks/ashton_cofer_a_young_inventor_s_plan_to_recycle_styrofoam

00:12
00:57
05:55

 

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