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では、今日の英単語パズルです。

 

ニュースから学ぶ英単語(5)

 

下記の英文は、アメリカの三大ネットワークの一つ、CBS放送のニュースです。( )内に入る英単語を考えてみましょう。

ヒントとして本文の後には、( )に入る英単語の辞書の見出し語、及びその語義と例文が書かれています。見出し語は最初のアルファベット(群)とその後に続く文字数が与えられています。例えば、本文( 1 )に入る単語がlanguageなら、(1)lan 5となります。

また、本文で見出し語が変化している場合、例えばlanguagesとなっている場合は、本文では ( 1a )のように表されています。

レベルは高校2年程度。

 

 

By ASHLEY WELCH CBS NEWS November 6, 2017, 11:16 AM

 

The problem with Harvey Weinstein's sex ( 1 ) claim(その②)

Is sexual ( 1 ) real?

Weinstein's case ( 28 ), there is debate within the medical community about whether or not sexual ( 1 ) is a real ( 6 ).

 

Sex ( 1 ) is not a ( 29a ) ( 7 ) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V), considered to be the "bible" for any professional who makes psychiatric ( 7a ).

 

The American Association of Sexuality Educators, Counselors and Therapists (AASECT) states on its website that it does not ( 29 ) sex ( 1 ) as a mental health disorder. Its official statement reads:

 

"AASECT 1) does not find sufficient ( 30 ) evidence to support the classification of sex ( 1 ) or porn ( 1 ) as a mental health disorder, and 2) does not find the sexual ( 1 ) training and treatment methods and educational pedagogies to be adequately ( 31a ) by accurate human sexuality knowledge."

 

In 2013, Prause, who was a researcher in the department of psychiatry at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA at the time, published a study that found that the brains of so-called sex addicts did not respond to sexual ( 32a ) in the way that an addict's does.

 

This does not mean that certain behaviors, including excessive viewing of pornography or having sexual ( 33a ) that feel out of control, are not a problem for some people, Prause said. "But we should not be treating them as an ( 1 )," she ( 34a ).

 

"Everyone ( 29b ) that some people struggle in this area and few would argue that these (mostly) men do not deserve help," she continued. "The question is... what is it? A ( 35 ) of obsessive-( 36 ) disorder? High sex ( 37 ) combined with the incredible social shame around sexuality?"

 

One thing that is clear, though, Prause said, is that there is no scientific evidence to support treatment programs at so-called sex 

( 1 ) ( 5 ) centers.

 

The ( 38 ), but ( 39 ), business of treating sex ( 1 )

"They are ( 40 ) and should be shut down, but there is literally no ( 41 ) body," she said. "They are ( 42 )-for-all money-making machines both taking advantage of desperate patients and providing an escape, in other cases, for wealthy secondary gain incentives."

 

Secondary gain, she explains, is a term psychologists often use to refer to the social or psychological advantages a person thinks they'll get from having an illness or going into treatment. For example, calling sexually abusive behavior an ( 1 ) might be a way to 

( 43 ) responsibility or gain sympathy.

 

"Some appear to hope this will get their partner not to leave them for ( 44 ) or similar," Prause said.

 

 

© 2017 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved.

 

 

( 28 ) a 4 (adv.)(=apart)

used after nouns to say that except for one thing, something is true

Ex.) Money worries ( a 4 ), things are going well. (A.L.D.)

    Emotional arguments ( a 4 ), here are the facts. (Cobuild)

 

( 29 ) rec 6 (verb)

to accept and approve of somebody / something officially

Ex.) ( rec 6 過去分詞 ) qualifications

    The UK has refused to ( rec 6 ) the new regime.

    He is ( rec 6 過去分詞 ) to be their natural leader. (A.L.D.)

 

( 30 ) em 7 (adj.)

(usually before noun)(formal) based on experiments or experience rather than ideas or theories

Ex.) ( em 7 ) evidence / knowledge / research

    an ( em 7 ) study (A.L.D.)

 

( 31 ) in 4 (verb)

(formal) If a situation or activity is ( in 4 過去分詞 ) by an idea or a quality, that idea or quality is very noticeable in it.

Ex.) All great songs are ( in 4 過去分詞 ) by a certain sadness and tension.

    The concept of the Rose continued to ( in 4 ) the poet’s work. (Cobuild)

    Religion ( in 4 三単現 ) every aspect of their lives. (A.L.D.)

 

( 32 ) stimu 3 (noun)

something that produces a reaction in a human, an animal or a plant

Ex.) sensory / verbal / visual ( stimu 3 複数形 )

    The animals were conditioned to respond to auditory ( stim 3 複数形 ) ( = sounds ). (A.L.D.)

 

( 33 ) u 3 (noun)

a strong desire to do something

Ex.) sexual ( u 3 s )

    I had a sudden ( u 3 ) to hit him. (A.L.D.)

 

( 34 ) st 4 (verb)

to emphasize a fact, an idea, etc.

Ex.) He ( st 4 過去形 ) the importance of a good education.

    I must ( st 4 ) that everything I’ve told you is strictly confidential.

    ‘There is,’ Johnson ( st 4 過去形 ), ‘no real alternative.’

    It must be ( st 4 過去分詞 ) that this disease is very rare.

    I cannot ( st 4 ) too much how important this is. (A.L.D.)

 

( 35 ) fea 4 (noun)

something important, interesting or typical of a place or thing

Ex.) An interesting ( fea 4 ) of the city is the old market.

    Teamwork is a key ( fea 4 ) of the training program.

    Which ( fea 4 s ) do you look for when choosing a car?

    The software has no particular distinguishing ( fea 4 s ).

    geographical ( fea 4 s )  (A.L.D.)

 

( 36 ) obsessive-( com 7 ) disorder  (noun)

〔U〕(abbr. OCD) a mental disorder in which somebody feels they have to repeat certain actions or activities to get rid of fears or unpleasant things  (A.L.D,)

 

( 37 ) dr 3 (noun)

〔C, U〕a strong desire or need in people

Ex.) a strong sexual ( dr 3 ) (A.L.D.)

    compelling, dynamic sex ( dr 3 s ) (Cobuild)

 

( 38 ) lu 7 (adj.)

producing a large amount of money ; making a large profit

Ex.) a ( lu 7 ) business / contract / market (A.L.D.)

    Thousands of ex-army officials have found ( lu 7 ) jobs in private security firms. (Cobuild)

 

( 39 ) du 5 (adj.)

(disapproving) probably not honest ( syn. suspicious )

Ex.) They indulged in some highly ( du 5 ) business practices to obtain their current position in the market. (A.L.D.)

 

( 40 ) horren 4 (adj.)

(iformal) extremely unpleasant and unacceptable ( syn. terrible )

Ex.) ( horren 4 ) traffic (A.L.D.)

 

( 41 ) over 5 (noun)

〔U〕(formal) the state of being in charge of somebody / something

Ex.) The committee has ( over 5 ) of finance and general policy. (A.L.D.)

 

( 42 ) ( f 3 )-for-all (noun)

(sing.) a situation in which there are no rules or controls and everyone acts for their own advantage

Ex.) The lowering of trade barriers has led to a ( f 3 )-for-all among exporters. (A.L.D.)

 

( 43 ) de 5 (verb)

to succeed in preventing something from being directed towards you

Ex.) All attempts to ( de 5 ) attention from his private life have failed.

    She sought to ( de 5 ) criticism by blaming her family. (A.L.D.)

 

( 44 ) infi 6 (noun)

〔U, C〕the act of not being faithful to your wife, husband or partner by having sex with somebody else ( syn. unfaithfulness )

Ex.) marital ( infi 6 )

    She could not forgive his ( infi 6 複数形 ).

 

 

解答)

( 1 ) addiction  ( 2 ) narrative  ( 3 ) therapy  ( 4 ) disgraced ( 4a ) Disgraced  ( 5 ) rehab  

( 6 ) condition  ( 7 ) diagnosis ( 7a ) diagnoses  ( 8 ) alleged  ( 9 ) bombshell  ( 10 ) assault  

( 11 ) representative  ( 12 ) unspecified  ( 13 ) numerous ( 14 ) forward  ( 15 ) account  

( 15a ) accounts  ( 16 ) embark  ( 16a ) embarked  ( 17 ) fall  ( 18 ) lump  ( 19 ) offender 

( 19a ) offenders  ( 20 ) certify  ( 20a ) certified  ( 21 ) primary  ( 22 ) empathy  ( 23 ) integrity  

( 24 ) nourish  ( 24a ) nourished  ( 25 ) metabolize  ( 26 ) crucial  ( 27 ) smug  ( 27a ) smugly 

( 28 ) aside  ( 29 ) recognize  ( 29a ) recognized  ( 29b ) recognizes  ( 30 ) empirical  

( 31 ) inform  ( 31a ) informed  ( 32 ) stimulus  ( 32a ) stimuli  ( 33 ) urge  ( 34a ) urges  

( 35 ) feature ( 36 ) compulsive  ( 37 ) drive  ( 38 ) lucrative  ( 39 ) dubious  ( 40 ) horrendous  

( 41 ) oversight  ( 42 ) free  ( 43 ) deflect ( 44 ) infidelity

 

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では、今日のフランス語単語パズルです。

 

ことわざ、格言から学ぶ仏単語(3)

 

 以下の赤字で書かれている仏文は、フランスでよく使われている「諺、格言、金言( proverbes, sentences et maximes )」です。

下に示されたフランス語の説明文をよく読み、(  )に入る単語を答えてください。各単語は最初のアルファベット(群)とその後に続くアルファベットの文字数が示されています。 

 

 

 

( 11 ) À l’(oeu 3 ) on connaît l’ouvrier ( ou l’artisan ).

c’est par la valeur de l’ouvrage qu’on juge celui qui l’a fait.

 

( 12 ) À ( mé 5 ) ouvrier, point de bon outil.

le mauvais ouvrier fait toujours du mauvais travail et met ses maladresses sur le compte de ses outils.

 

( 13 ) À père avare, fils ( pro 5 ).

un défaut, un vice fait naître autour de soi, par réaction, le défaut, le vice contraire.

 

( 14 ) L’( ap 5 ) vient en mangeant.

plus on a, plus on veut avoir.

 

( 15 ) Après la (p 4 ), le beau temps.

la joie succède souvent à la tristesse, le boheur au malheur.

 

( 16 ) À quelque chose ( mal 4 ) est bon.

les événements pénibles peuvent avoir un aspect positif, natamment en donnant de l’expérience.

 

( 17 ) L’argent est un bon serviteur et un mauvais ( m 5 ).

l’argent contribue au bonheur de celui qui sait l’employer et fait le malheur de celui qui se laisse dominer par l’avarice ou la la cupidité.

 

( 18 ) L’argent n’a pas d’( o 4 ).

certains ne se soucient guère de la manière dont ils gagnent de l’argent, pourvu qu’ils en gagnent.

 

( 19 ) À tout ( sei 5 ), tout honneur.

il faut rendre honneur à chacun suivant son rang.

 

( 20 ) Au royaume des aveugles, les ( bor 4 ) sont rois.

avec un mérite, une intelligence médiocres, on brille au milieu des sots et des ignorants.

 

 

 

 

解答)

( 11 ) oeuvre  ( 12 ) méchant  ( 13 ) prodigue  ( 14 ) appétit  ( 15 ) pluie  ( 16 ) malheur  

( 17 ) maître  ( 18 ) odeur  ( 19 ) seigneur  ( 20 ) borgnes

 

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先ず、今日の一曲。

ミュージカル「ウエストサイド・ストーリー」から、

 

「どこかに(Somewhere)」

こちらをクリックしてご覧ください。

 

では、今日の英単語です。

 

ニュースから学ぶ英単語(4)

 

下記の英文は、アメリカの三大ネットワークの一つ、CBS放送のニュースです。( )内に入る英単語を考えてみましょう。

ヒントとして本文の後には、( )に入る英単語の辞書の見出し語、及びその語義と例文が書かれています。見出し語は最初のアルファベット(群)とその後に続く文字数が与えられています。例えば、本文( 1 )に入る単語がlanguageなら、(1)lan 5となります。

また、本文で見出し語が変化している場合、例えばlanguagesとなっている場合は、本文では ( 1a )のように表されています。

レベルは高校2年程度。

 

 

 

 

 

 By ASHLEY WELCH CBS NEWS November 6, 2017, 11:16 AM

 

The problem with Harvey Weinstein's sex ( 1 ) claim その①

 

It's an all-too-common ( 2 ). A wealthy man in a position of power is accused of sexual behavior that's at best inappropriate and at worst criminal and announces he's seeking ( 3 ) for treatment.

 

( 4a ) Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein reportedly checked himself into ( 5 ) for sex ( 1 ), a ( 6 ) many experts in the medical field say isn't a real ( 7 ) -- let alone an accurate description of his ( 8 ) abuses.

 

Since the first ( 9 ) reports from The New York Times and The New Yorker, more than 50 women have accused Weinstein of sexual harassment and at least six have accused him of rape or sexual ( 10 ).

 

A ( 11 ) for actor Kevin Spacey, said he, too, is seeking ( 12 ) "evaluation and treatment" after ( 13 ) accusers came ( 14 ) with ( 15a ) of sexual harassment and abuse.

 

While Weinstein ( 16a ) on what he described as a "journey ... to learn about myself and conquer my demons," experts say the actions he's accused of do not ( 17 ) under any categorization of an ( 1 ) to sex.

 

"I have no idea of the details of his case. However, sexual harassment and ( 10 ) have never been proposed as behaviors of sex ( 1 ) that I have seen," said Nicole Prause, PhD, a licensed psychologist in California and research scientist at Liberos, a sexual biotechnology company.

 

She said that while sex ( 1 ) therapists commonly ( 18 ) sexual ( 19a ) in with sex "addicts" in their treatment programs, "I and many other treatment providers believe this is both inappropriate and dangerous. It gives the false impression to others that the person's behavior is going to improve and might be trusted in the future."

 

In a blog post on Psychology Today, Marty Klein, a licensed marriage & family therapist and ( 20a ) sex therapist, offers some other possibilities for the root cause of Weinstein's behaviors.

 

He writes: "Why not see his ( 21 ) problem as...

The abuse of power?

The incredible lack of ( 22 )?

Masochism or self-destructiveness?

The fear of being insignificant, of not even existing?

The inability to keep marital vows?

The lack of ( 23 )?

The inability to feel sufficiently ( 24a ) by an incredible career?"

 

He argues that "real ( 1 ) is about the body's distorted ability to ( 25 ) a substance" like drugs or alcohol — a ( 26 ) distinction that doesn't apply to sex.

 

"The made-up disease of 'sex ( 1 )' allows the American public to look at Harvey Weinstein (and Anthony Weiner, Tiger Woods, Charlie Sheen, et al) and ( 27a ) say 'that's not me. I'm not like that,'" Klein writes.

 

 

 

 

( 1 ) ad 7 (noun)

〔U, C〕An ( ad 7 ) to something is a very strong desire or need for it.

Ex.) He needed money to feed his ( ad 7 ) to gambling.

    I discovered an ( ad 7 ) to housework which I had never felt before. (Cobuild)

    He is now fighting his ( ad 7 ) to alcohol. (A.L.D.)

 

( 2 ) nar 6 (noun)

〔C〕(formal) a description of events, especially in a novel ( syn. story )

Ex.) a gripping ( nar 6 ) of their journey up the Amazon (A.L.D.)

    Sloan began his ( nar 6 ) with the day of the murder. (Cobuild)

 

( 3 ) ther 3 (noun)

〔U〕( Ther 3 ) is the treatment of someone with mental or physical illness without the use of drugs or perations.

Ex.) In ( ther 3 ), she began to let go of her obsession with Mike.

    He is having ( ther 3 ) to conquer his phobia. (Cobuild)

 

( 4 ) dis 6 ( = discredited ) (adj.)

You use ( dis 6 ) to describe someone whose bad behavior has caused them to lose the approval and respect of the public or of people in authority.

Ex.) the ( dis 6 ) leader of the coup (Cobuild)

    a ( dis 6 ) politician / leader (A.L.D.)

 

( 5 ) re 3 (noun)

〔U〕(informal) ( Re 3 ) is the process of helping someone to lead a normal life again after they have been ill, or when they have had a drug or alcohol problem.

Ex.) She went through the drug ( re 3 ) program twice because she was such an extreme case. (Cobuild)

    to go into ( re 3 )

    a ( re 3 ) clinic (A.L.D.)

 

( 6 ) con 6 (noun)

〔C〕an illness or a medical problem that you have for a long time because it is not possible to cure it

Ex.) a medical ( con 6 )

    He suffers from a serious heart ( con 6 ). (A.L.D.)

    a rare ( con 6 ) that causes degeneration of the brain tissue (Cobuild)

 

( 7 ) diag 5 (noun)

〔C, U〕the act of discovering or identifying the exact cause of an illness or a problem

Ex.) ( diag 5 ) of lung cancer

    They are waiting for the doctor’s ( diag 5 ).

    An accurate ( diag 5 ) was made after a series of tests. (A.L.D.)

 

( 8 ) al 5 (adj.)

(formal) An ( al 5 ) fact has been stated but has not been proved to be true.

Ex.) They have begun a hunger strike in protest at the ( al 5 ) beating. (Cobuild)

    the ( al 5 ) attacker / victim / killer ( = that somebody says is one )

    the ( al 5 ) attack / offence / incident ( = that somebody says has happened ) (A.L.D.)

 

( 9 ) bomb 5 (noun)

(informal) an event or a piece of news which is unexpected and usually unpleasant

Ex.) The news of his death came as a ( bomb 5 ).

    She dropped a ( bomb 5 ) at the meeting and announced that she was leaving. (A.L.D.)

 

( 10 ) as 5 (noun)

〔U, C〕the crime of attacking somebody physically

Ex.) Both men were charged with ( as 5 ).

    sexual ( as 5 s )

    A significant number of indecent ( as 5 s ) on women go unreported. (A.L.D.)

 

( 11 ) repre 9 (noun)

a person chosen to take the place of somebody else

Ex.) He was the Queen’s ( repre 9 ) at the ceremony. (A.L.D.)

 

( 12 ) unspec 5 (adj.)

You say that something is ( unspec 5 ) when you are not told exactly what it is.

Ex.) He was arrested on ( unspec 5 ) charges. (Cobuild)

    The story takes place at an ( unspec 5 ) date. (A.L.D.)

 

( 13 ) nu 6 (adj.)

(formal) existing in large numbers ( syn. many )

Ex.) He has been late on ( nu 6 ) occasions.

    The advantages of this system are too ( nu 6 ) to mention. (A.L.D.)

 

( 14 ) come ( for 4 ) (phr.v.)

If someone comes ( for 4 ), they offer to do something or to give some information in response to a request for help.

Ex.) A vital witness came ( for 4 ) to say that she saw Tanner wearing the boots. (Cobuild)

    Several people came ( for 4 ) with information. (A.L.D.)

 

( 15 ) ac 5 (noun)

a written or spoken description of something that has happened

Ex.) She gave the police a full ( ac 5 ) of the incident. (A.L.D.)

 

( 16 ) ( em 4 ) on / upon something (phr.v.)

to start to do something new or difficult

Ex.) She is about to ( em 4 ) on a diplomatic career. (A.L.D.)

 

( 17 ) f 3 + adv, / prep.

to belong to a particular class, group or area of responsibility

Ex.) This ( f 3 三単現 ) under the heading of scientific research. (A.L.D.)

 

( 18 ) ( l 3 ) A and B together, ( l 3 ) A ( in ) with B

to put or consider different things together in the same group

Ex.) You can’t ( l 3 ) all Asian languages together. (A.L.D.)

    Because she was ( l 3 過去分詞 ) together with alcoholics and hard-drug users, Claire felt out of place. (Cobuild)

 

( 19 ) of 6 (noun)

(rather formal) a person who commits a crime

Ex.) a persistent / serious / violent, etc. ( of 6 )

    a young ( of 6 ) institution (A.L.D.)

 

( 20 ) cer 4 (verb)

to give somebody an official document proving that they are qualified to work in a particular profession (A.L.D.)

Ex,) They wanted to get ( cer 4 過去分詞 ) as diers.

    a ( cer 4 過去分詞 ) accountant (Cobuild)

 

( 21 ) pri 4 (adj.)

(usually before noun) main ; most important ; basic

Ex.) The ( pri 4 ) aim of this course is to improve your spoken English.

    Our ( pri 4 ) concern must be the children.

    Good health care is of ( pri 4 ) importance. (A.L.D.)

 

( 22 ) em 5 (noun)

〔U〕the ability to understand another person’s feelings, experiences, etc.

Ex.) the writer’s imaginative ( em 5 ) with his subject

    ( em 5 ) for other people’s situations

    The ( em 5 ) between the two women was obvious. (A.L.D.)

 

( 23 ) integ 4 (noun)

〔U〕the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles

Ex.) personal / professional / artistic ( integ 4 ) (A.L.D.)

    I have always regarded him as a man of ( integ 4 ).

    He was praised for his fairness and high ( integ 4 ). (Cobuild)

 

( 24 ) nour 3 (verb)

to keep a person, an animal or a plant alive and healthy with food, etc.

Ex.) All the children were well ( nour 3 過去分詞 ) and in good physical condition. (A.L.D.)

 

( 25 ) metab 5 (verb)

to turn food, minerals, etc. in the body into new cells, energy and waste products by means of chemical processes (A.L.D.)

Ex.) Diabetics cannot ( metab 5 ) glucose properly. (Cobuild)

 

( 26 ) cru 4 (adj.)

extremely important, because it will affect other things ( syn. critical, essential )

Ex.) a ( cru 4 ) factor / issue / decision

    topics of ( cru 4 ) importance

    The next few weeks are going to be ( cru 4 ).

    Winning this contract is ( cru 4 ) to the success of the company.

    It is ( cru 4 ) that we get this right.

    Parents play a ( cru 4 ) role in preparing their child for school.

    He wasn’t there at the ( cru 4 ) moment. ( = when he was needed most ). (A.L.D.)

 

( 27 ) sm 2 (adj.)

looking or feeling too pleased about something you have done or achieved ( syn. complacent )

Ex.) a ( sm 2 ) expression / smile / face, etc.

    What are you looking so ( sm 2 ) about? (A.L.D.)

 

 

解答)

( 1 ) addiction  ( 2 ) narrative  ( 3 ) therapy  ( 4 ) disgraced  ( 4a ) Disgraced  ( 5 ) rehab  

( 6 ) condition  ( 7 ) diagnosis  ( 8 ) alleged  ( 9 ) bombshell  ( 10 ) assault  ( 11 ) representative  ( 12 ) unspecified  ( 13 ) numerous  ( 14 ) forward  ( 15 ) account  ( 15a ) accounts  

( 16 ) embark  ( 16a ) embarked  ( 17 ) fall  ( 18 ) lump  ( 19 ) offender  ( 19a ) offenders  

( 20 ) certify  ( 20a ) certified  ( 21 ) primary  ( 22 ) empathy  ( 23 ) integrity  ( 24 ) nourish  

( 24a ) nourished  ( 25 ) metabolize  ( 26 ) crucial  ( 27 ) smug  ( 27a ) smugly

 

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