<保存版>これは便利!! Transition Words(転換語)をまとめたよ。 | HELP大学生日記 in Malaysia 最後の四ヶ月

HELP大学生日記 in Malaysia 最後の四ヶ月

マレーシアのHELP Universityに留学中の28歳日本人のブログです。25歳で入学し、気づけばあと四ヶ月で卒業です。
卒業までの軌跡をこのブログで綴りたい、

Never まとめ風なタイトルになりましたね。

(僕が文章を書くときに参考にしている色んなtransition words(転換語)が載っている紙)
 
エッセイ、レポート、スピーチ等。
英語では、アカデミック(学術)的に書く為、話す為、Transition Words(転換語)が超重要になっています。
Transition Words(転換語)と呼ばれるその言葉は、色んな所で使われていて、『例えば』で使われる、“For example”も転換語の1つになります。
文脈を変えたい時、強調したい時などに使用します。
ただ、英語の場合、同じ転換語を何度も使う事は好まれません。
 
だからめんどくさい!!
 
 
今回は、僕が文章を書くとき、話すときによく参考にしているTransition Words(転換語)の表をブログにアップします。
 
注意として、副詞、品詞、慣用句などをひとまとめにしています。
その為、文節によって使えるフレーズや使えないフレーズがあるので気をつけてください。
あと、和訳の方も少しズレがあるかもしれません。
そこは勘弁。
 
 Addition(追加系): also, as well as, besides, coupled with, following this, further, furthermore, in addition, in the same way, likewise, moreover, similarly, additionally.
 
Consequence(その結果系): Accordingly, as a result, consequently, for this reason, for this purpose, hence, otherwise, so then, subsequently, therefore, thus, thereupon, wherefore.
 
Generalizing(一般的に〜系): as a rule, as usual. for the most part, generally, generally speaking, ordinarily, usually
 
Exemplifying(際立たせる系): chiefly, especially, for instance, in particular, markedly, namely, particularly, specifically, such as
 
Illustration(例えば〜系): for example, for instance, for one thing, as an illustration, illustrated with, as an example, in this case
 
Emphasis(強調系): above all, chiefly, with attention to, especially, particularyly, singularly
 
Similarity(同様に系): comparatively, coupled with, correspondingly, identically, likewise, similar, moreover, together with
 
Exception(〜は除く系): aside from, barring, besides, except, excepting, excluding, exclusive of, other than, outside of
 
Restatement(つまり〜系): in essence, in other words, namely, that is, that is to say, in short, in brief, to put it differently
 
Contrast and comaparison(対照と比較系): contrast, by the same token, conversely, instead, likewise, on the other hand, on the contrary, nevertheless, rather, similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, in contrast
 
Sequence(順序系): at first, first of all, to begin with, in the first place, at the same time, for now, for the time being, the next step, in time, in turn, later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, later, while, earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion, with this in mind.
 
Common Sequence patterns(一貫した順序系): 
  • First, second, third
  • Generally, furthermore, finally
  • in the first place, also, lastly
  • in the first place, pursuing this further, finally
  • to be sure, additionally, lastly
  • in the first place, just in the same way, finally
  • basically, simiarly, as well

Summarizing(要約系); after all, all in all, all things considered, briefly, by and large, in any case, in any event, in brief, in conclusion, on the whole, in short, in summary, in the final analysis, in the long run, on balance, to sum up, to summarize, finally
 
Diversion(ところで系); by the way, incidentally
 
Direcition(方向を示す系); here, there, over there, beyond, nearly, opposite, under, above, to the left, to the right, in the distance
 
Location(場所系); above, behind, by, near, throughout, across, below, down, to the right, against, beneath, in back of, onto, under, along, beside, in front of, on top of, among, between, inside, outside, around, beyond, into, over
 
以上になります。
 
もちろん、広義的にみてみると、ニュアンスや意味が変わってくるフレーズがいくつかあります。
ここに書かれいてないTransition Words(転換語)もまだまだいっぱいあります。
 
学生は、同義語のTransition Wordsを最低3つぐらい用意、暗記しておくと便利だと思います。
 
 
 
それも踏まえて、参考になればと思います。