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武蔵一族のショーは7日迄、クィーンズスクエア横浜の1Fクィーンズサークルにて行われています。時間は、13時、15時、17時の3回開催されています。

 

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国連・核兵器禁止条約 日本参加せず!現地時間3/27
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SRvswR7SF6A

核兵器禁止条約交渉第1回会議ハイレベル・セグメントにおける高見澤軍縮代表部大使によるステートメント
http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/files/000243024.pdf
http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/files/000243025.pdf

Statement by H.E. Mr. Nobushige TAKAMIZAWA, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of Japan to the Conference on Disarmament at the High-level Segment of the United Nations conference to negotiate a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination (27 March 2017, New York) Madam President, [Secretary-General of the United Nations,] [President of the General Assembly,] Distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen, Japan has a mission, as the only country which has experienced the devastation of the war-time use of nuclear weapons in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, to raise awareness on the reality of atomic bombings and clear recognition of its humanitarian consequences across borders and generations. Through this effort, Japan has devoted itself to uniting the international community towards the advancement of nuclear disarmament, and to working together with other countries towards our common goal: to achieve a world free of nuclear weapons. In order to make our steps towards a world free of nuclear weapons, Japan has consistently advocated that it is essential to build up practical and concrete measures on the basis of cooperation between nuclear-weapon states and non-nuclear-weapon states, while not losing sight of a clear recognition of the humanitarian aspects of the use of nuclear weapons and an objective assessment of the severe international security environment. Japan believes that this approach is the most effective path in reaching a world free of nuclear weapons. Our confidence in this position remains steadfast. In order for us to step forward together, and in light of the current severe international security situation, I would like to take this opportunity to articulate the approach we have upheld, the path forward that will lead us to the elimination of nuclear weapons and the concrete measures for nuclear disarmament. Nuclear disarmament and national security are closely linked; it is evident that 2 disarmament will not be feasible without regard for the existing security concerns. We must not turn away our eyes from the current security situations in the international community, which are increasingly worsening. In particular, North Korea, since last year, has conducted two nuclear tests and launched more than 20 ballistic missiles in clear violation of the relevant UN Security Council resolutions, and moreover it is vocal in its intention to become a nuclear power. This poses a real and imminent security issue facing not only the East Asian region but also the international community as a whole. This is also a serious challenge to the international nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime centered around the NPT. It is therefore crucial to have a realistic perspective as to how nuclear disarmament measures can contribute effectively to addressing actual security concerns that each country and region faces. Now, let me elaborate on a path forward that we support based on the practical approach towards the elimination of nuclear weapons. As Japan has consistently advocated, the engagement of the nuclear-weapon states is indispensable for the advancement of nuclear disarmament. The most important thing is to build confidence and trust among states, including nuclear-weapon states, and thereby accumulate various realistic and practical measures through bilateral and multilateral efforts, such as agreeing on a concrete measure to reduce nuclear weapons. It is also necessary to resolve regional issues and thereby to remove the elements that give states the motives to possess nuclear weapons. In this way, we have to accelerate our efforts to create an enabling security environment for the elimination of nuclear weapons. After accumulating such efforts, through actions by all countries, including nuclear-weapon states and non-nuclear-weapon states, we can then expect to reach what our proposed Progressive Approach calls “a minimisation point,” at which the number of nuclear weapons will be very low. Only when this achievement is within reach, will it be possible to make an effective and meaningful legal instrument as the final building block to achieve and maintain a world free of nuclear weapons. At that stage, we will be able to give further thought to an appropriate framework for nuclear disarmament, including a multilateral nuclear weapons convention, which should be 3 nondiscriminatory and internationally verifiable. We must correctly appreciate the fact that the current international regime under the NPT has contributed to international peace and stability. Therefore, it is crucial that a new legal instrument must strengthen the existing nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime supported, inter alia, by the NPT. The delicate balance and groundwork so far created and maintained by the NPT regime towards realistic nuclear elimination must also be preserved. Japan firmly believes that we will be able to achieve our common goal of a world free of nuclear weapons through persistent efforts in advancing concrete measures and steady dialogue. Based on the approach I have just explained, with engagement of nuclear-weapon states, Japan will be dedicatedly carrying forward the following concrete nuclear disarmament efforts in order to implement steadily and effectively nuclear disarmament measures, as agreed by the international community through such fora as the NPT. Firstly, Japan has been contributing to the NPT Review Process to strengthen the NPT as the cornerstone of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. For example, Japan has been playing a leading role in the NPDI, a cross-regional group of non-nuclear weapon states, which has proposed concrete measures, such as increasing transparency. Japan attaches particular importance to improving the transparency of nuclear forces as a concrete and crucial step for a world free of nuclear weapons. In this regard, we are calling upon the nuclear-weapon states to conduct concrete and regular numerical reporting. We will continue to emphasize increased cooperation of the international community as a whole towards the successful 2020 NPT Review Process, which will begin in May this year. Secondly, Japan is committed to making progress in advancing concrete and practical measures, especially in those fora where decisions on concrete steps are made with the participation of nuclear-weapon states. This effort includes the following: For 23 years in a row, Japan has submitted resolutions calling for united action towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons to the UN General Assembly, which have gained overwhelming support. We have also made active contributions towards an early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) over 4 the past 20 years by providing technical and financial support, in addition to patient, steady diplomatic efforts. Furthermore, in order to demonstrate the will of the international community not to allow the further production of nuclear weapons, Japan is willing to actively participate in the discussions at the high-level expert preparatory group, established under the United Nations, towards early commencement of negotiation of an FMCT. Regarding nuclear disarmament verification, which is an essential element for the actual elimination of nuclear weapons, Japan is making active contributions for the establishment of a group of governmental experts on nuclear disarmament verification under the UN, and to the activities of the International Partnership for Nuclear Disarmament Verification (IPNDV). These are all approaches with the involvement of nuclear-weapon states. Last year, at the G7 Foreign Ministerial Meeting in Hiroshima, G7 Foreign Ministers issued the Hiroshima Declaration on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. The Declaration unequivocally confirmed the political commitments of all G7 member states, consisting of nuclear-weapon states and non-nuclear-weapon states, including their persistent and active support for the reduction of nuclear weapons and for individual nuclear disarmament measures. As the next step, now it is time for each state to make sincere efforts to turn these commitments into actions and to deliver results. Japan will continue making proactive contributions to such nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation fora, and is prepared to offer proper opportunities for dialogue and cooperation. At the UN General Assembly last year, the resolution to convene this Conference was adopted. As a country having experienced the catastrophe of nuclear weapons, Japan fully understands and shares the frustration among non-nuclear-weapon states due to the present slow pace of nuclear disarmament and the sincere desire to urgently achieve substantive progress in nuclear disarmament. Japan has called upon nuclear-weapon states to squarely and faithfully examine the backdrop of a ban treaty and to exhaust their efforts towards advancing nuclear disarmament. Japan has also had earnest discussions with many non-nuclear-weapon states on nuclear disarmament, including the idea of a ban treaty, in various international conferences. 5 A ban treaty, if it does not lead to an actual reduction of a single nuclear warhead, would be of little significance. In fact, efforts to make such a treaty without the involvement of nuclear-weapon states will only deepen the schism and division not only between nuclear-weapon states and non-nuclear-weapon states, but also among non-nuclear-weapon states, which will further divide the international community. Therefore, our common goal will be pushed away, a goal of reaching a world free of nuclear weapons. Even if such a ban treaty is agreed upon, we don’t think that it would lead to the solution of real security issues, such as the threat by North Korea. This is why we voted against the UN General Assembly resolution 71/258 last year. From discussions and considerations so far, it has become clear that the ban treaty concept has been unable to obtain understanding and involvement of nuclear-weapon states. Furthermore, this negotiation has not been formulated to pursue nuclear disarmament measures that will actually lead to the elimination of nuclear weapons, in cooperation with the nuclear weapon states. Regrettably, given the present circumstances, we must say that it would be difficult for Japan to participate in this Conference in a constructive manner and in good faith. What is essential is to pursue practical and effective measures with the engagement of both nuclear and non-nuclear weapon states, as Japan has consistently maintained. As we sincerely aspire to see a world free of nuclear weapons, we will continue to pursue realistic and effective disarmament measures, and will work to create a security environment conducive to the elimination of nuclear weapons. In closing, let me be clear and reiterate Japan’s unwavering commitment. Japan will continue to place great value on constructive dialogue and cooperation within the international community. To advance effective and inclusive efforts to achieve a world free of nuclear weapons, we will demonstrate our initiatives, such as providing a venue for interactive exchanges of views among countries that hold varied approaches on nuclear disarmament. Thank you very much for your kind attention.

核兵器禁止条約交渉第1回会議ハイレベル・セグメントにおける 髙見澤軍縮代表部大使によるステートメント 国連事務総長, 国連総会議長, 参加国各位, (我が国の基本的立場) 日本は,世界で唯一,人類に対する戦時下の核使用の惨禍を広島 と長崎において経験した歴史から,被爆の実相とその非人道性に対 する正確な認識を世代と国境を越えて広げていく使命を有していま す。我が国は,この認識の拡大を通じて,核軍縮の進展に向けた国 際社会の結束を図り,核兵器のない世界という国際社会の共通目標 の実現に向けて,各国とともに核軍縮に積極的に取り組んできまし た。 我が国は,核軍縮を進展させ,核兵器のない世界に近づけるため には,核兵器使用の非人道性に対する正確な認識と厳しい安全保障 環境に対する冷静な認識という2つの認識をしっかり踏まえた上で, 核兵器国と非核兵器国双方を巻き込んだ現実的かつ実践的な措置を 積み上げていくことが重要であり,そしてこれが最も効果的である ことを一貫して主張してきました。この考えは,現在においてもい ささかも変わっておりません。 本日この場では,共通の目標に協力して向かうため,厳しい国際 安全保障環境を踏まえ,我が国がこれまで訴えてきたアプローチ, 2 そしてそのアプローチによる核廃絶までの道筋及び具体的な核軍縮 措置について述べたいと思います。 (国際社会が直面する北朝鮮問題) 核軍縮と安全保障は密接な関係にあり,現実の安全保障の観点を 踏まえずに核軍縮を進めることができないことは明らかです。我々 は,現下の国際安全保障環境が益々悪化している現実から目をそら すことはできません。とりわけ北朝鮮は,これまで,関連の安保理 決議等の違反を繰り返し,昨年来,2回の核実験及び20発以上の 弾道ミサイル発射を行い,核戦力保有への意欲を明らかにしていま す。これは,東アジア地域にとどまらず,国際社会が直面する現実 かつ喫緊の安全保障問題であると同時に,核兵器不拡散条約(NP T)を中心とする国際的な軍縮・不拡散体制に対する重大な挑戦で もあります。核軍縮のための措置は,各国及び地域が直面する現実 の安全保障上の課題の実効的な解決に如何に貢献するかとの現実的 な視点が不可欠です。 (日本の掲げる核廃絶への道筋) ここで,改めて,日本の掲げる核廃絶に向けた現実的アプローチ に基づく道筋を提示したいと思います。 我が国が一貫して述べてきているとおり,核軍縮を進めていくに は,なにより,核兵器国を関与させることが不可欠です。そして, 核兵器国も含め,国家間の信頼醸成を進め,二国間や多国間での具 体的な核削減を取り決める等,様々な現実的かつ実践的な措置を積 3 み上げていくことが最も重要です。 このためには,同時に,地域問題の解決等を通じ核保有の動機に つながる要因を除去し,核廃絶を可能にする安全保障環境を整備す る努力を加速していくことも必要です。 このような努力を核兵器国・非核兵器国を含む全ての国の行動を 通じて積み上げ,核兵器の数が十分に減少した時点,我々が提案し てきた進歩的アプローチで「最小限ポイント」と呼んだ状態の達成 を見通せるようになって初めて,核兵器のない世界を達成し,維持 するための「最後のブロック」として,核兵器を廃絶するための実 効的で意味のある条約を作ることができます。そして,その段階に おいて,包括的核兵器条約(NWC)を含め,非差別的で国際的に 検証可能な核軍縮のための適切な枠組みにつき,更なる検討をする ことが可能になると考えます。 NPT体制が国際社会の平和と安定に寄与してきた事実を正しく 評価すべきと考えます。したがって,新たな条約の作成については, NPT等の既存の核軍縮・不拡散体制を強化するものでなければな りません。そして,これまでNPT体制により作られ,保持されて きた,現実的な核廃絶に向けての貴重なバランスや土台を保持する ことが大切です。日本は,地道な対話と努力のプロセスを粘り強く 続けた上で,我々の共通目標である核なき世界を実現することがで きるのだと信じています。 (日本の重視する具体的な核軍縮努力) こうしたアプローチに基づき,我が国は,以下に述べるような形 4 で,核兵器国の関与を得つつ,NPTプロセスを含む国際社会で合 意された核軍縮措置を着実にかつ効果的に履行すべく,具体的な核 軍縮を一貫して進めて行く考えです。 第一に,我が国は,礎石としてのNPTの強化に向けて地域横断 的な非核兵器国のグループであるNPDIを主導し,同イニシアテ ィブを通じて透明性向上を始めとする具体的な提案を行う等,NP T運用検討プロセスへ貢献しています。特に,我が国は,核兵器の ない世界に向けた具体的かつ重要な一歩として核戦力の透明性の向 上を重視し,核兵器国に対し数値情報を伴う具体的な定期的報告を 求めています。本年5月から始まる2020年NPT運用検討プロ セスの成功に向けても,国際社会全体の更なる協力を重視していき ます。 第二に,我が国は,様々な場において,現実的かつ実践的な措置 を着実に進める努力をしています。特に,核兵器国も参加し,具体 的な措置を決めていくフォーラムにおいて前進を図ることは,核兵 器のない世界の実現のために不可欠のものです。 国連総会においては,核廃絶決議を過去23年間連続で提出し, 圧倒的多数の支持を得てきています。また,包括的核実験禁止条約 (CTBT)の早期発効に向け,過去20年,地道な外交努力に加 え,技術面,財政面での積極的貢献を尽くしてきました。これ以上 核兵器の生産を進めないとの国際社会の意思を明らかにするため, 核兵器用核分裂性物質生産禁止条約(FMCT)の早期交渉開始に 向けても,国連下の取組としてのハイレベル専門家準備グループの 議論に貢献していく考えです。 5 核兵器の実際の廃絶に欠かせない要素である核軍縮検証について は,日本は,国連における検証に関する専門家会合の設置や核軍縮 検証のための国際パートナーシップ(IPNDV)の活動に積極的 貢献を行っています。 これらは全て,核兵器国の関与を得たアプローチです。昨年,被 爆地広島で開催されたG7外相会合において核軍縮・不拡散に関す る広島宣言を発出し,世界に向けて,核兵器国と非核兵器国が共同 で,核兵器の削減に関する永続的で積極的な支持や,個別の核軍縮 措置への政治的コミットメントを確認しました。今後は,各国が真 摯な努力を尽くし,これを具体化し,結果を出していくことが必要 であると考えています。 日本は,こうした核軍縮・不拡散のフォーラムにおいて,引き続 き積極的に貢献していくとともに,適切な対話と協力の場を提供し ていく考えです。 (本件交渉への考え方と今後の我が国の取組) 昨年,国連総会において,この会議の開始を決定する決議が採択 されました。この背景には,核軍縮の進展の遅さに対する非核兵器 国による不満や早急に実質的な前進を得たいとの真摯な願いがある と理解しており,我が国も,核の惨禍を知る国として,その思いを 強く共有しております。 我が国は,核兵器国に対しては,この条約構想が生まれた背景に 誠実に目を向け,核軍縮の進展に向け具体的に努力するよう求め, 多くの非核兵器国とも,関連する国際会議の場で,この条約構想を 6 含め,核軍縮をめぐり真剣な議論を行ってまいりました。 しかし,禁止条約を作っても,実際に核兵器国の核兵器が1つで も減ることにつながらなければ意味はありません。それどころか, 核兵器国が参加しない形で条約を作ることは,核兵器国と非核兵器 国の亀裂,非核兵器国間の離間といった国際社会の分断を一層深め, 核兵器のない世界を遠ざけるものとなります。また,禁止条約が作 成されたとしても,北朝鮮の脅威といった現実の安全保障問題の解 決に結びつくとも思えません。そうした考えから,我が国は,国連 総会の決議に対して反対票を投じました。 これまでの議論や検討の結果,現時点において,この条約構想に ついて,核兵器国の理解や関与は得られないことが明らかとなって います。また,核兵器国の協力を通じ,核兵器の廃絶に結びつく措 置を追求するという交渉のあり方が担保されておりません。このよ うな現状の下では,残念ながら,我が国として本件交渉会議に建設 的かつ誠実に参加することは困難と言わざるを得ません。 むしろ,我が国が一貫して重視してきた,核兵器国と非核兵器国 双方を巻き込んだ現実的かつ効果的な措置の追求が必要と考えてい ます。我が国は,核兵器のない世界の実現を真に願うからこそ,核 廃絶のための具体的かつ効果的な措置の積み上げを追求し,核廃絶 を可能にする安全保障環境の整備にも努力していきたいと思います。 具体的には,我が国としては,今後とも,核兵器国と非核兵器国 の双方を含む国際社会の対話と協力を促し,核軍縮に関する様々な アプローチを有する国々が意見を交わす場の設置等,核なき世界に 向けイニシアティブを発揮していく考えです。 7 御静聴ありがとうございました。 (了)

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“Paid parental leave is about creating freedom to define roles”— UN Women Goodwill Ambassador Anne Hathaway

 

http://webtv.un.org/topics-issues/global-issues/women/watch/anne-hathaway-un-women-global-goodwill-ambassador-at-the-un-observance-of-international-womens-day-2017/5352041606001

script

http://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2017/3/speech-anne-hathaway-iwd-2017

President of the General Assembly,
UN Deputy Secretary-General,
Executive Director, UN Women,
Distinguished ladies and gentlemen,

When I was a young person, I began my career as an actress. Whenever my mother wasn’t free to drive me into Manhattan for auditions, I would take the train from suburban New Jersey and meet my father—who would have left his desk at the law office where he worked—and we would meet under the Upper Platform Arrivals and Departures sign in Penn Station. We would then get onto the subway together and, when we surfaced, he would ask me “Which way is north?" I wasn’t very good at finding North at the beginning, but I auditioned fair amount and so my Dad kept asking “Which was is north?" Over time, I got better at finding it.

I was struck by that memory yesterday while boarding the plane here. Not just by how far my life has come since then, but by how meaningful that seemingly small lesson has been. When I was still a child, my father developed my sense of direction and now, as an adult, I trust my ability to navigate space. My father helped give me the confidence to guide myself through the world.

In late March, last year, 2016, I became a parent for the first time. I remember the indescribable—and as I understand it universal—experience of holding my week-old son and feeling my priorities change on a cellular level. I remember I experienced a shift in consciousness that gave me the ability to maintain my love of career and cherish something else, someone else, much, much more. Like so many parents, I wondered how I was going to balance my work with my new role as a parent, and in that moment, I remember that the statistic for the US’s policy on maternity leave flashed through my mind.

American women are currently entitled to 12 weeks’ unpaid leave. American men are entitled to nothing. That information landed differently for me when, one week after my son’s birth I could barely walk, when I was getting to know a human who was completely dependent on my husband and I for everything, when I was dependent on my husband for most things, when we were relearning everything we thought we knew about our family and relationship. It landed differently.

Somehow, we and every American parent were expected to be “back to normal” in under three months. Without income. I remember thinking to myself, “If the practical result of pregnancy is another mouth to feed in your home and America is a country where most people are living paycheck to paycheck, how does 12 weeks unpaid leave economically work?”

The truth is, for too many people it doesn’t. One in four American women go back to work two weeks after giving birth because they can’t afford to take any more time off than that. 25 per cent. Equally disturbing, women who can afford to take the full 12 weeks often don’t because it will mean incurring a “motherhood penalty”— meaning they will be perceived as less dedicated to their job and will be passed over for promotions and other career advancement. In my own household, my mother had to choose between a career and raising three children- a choice that left her unpaid and underappreciated as a homemaker- because there just wasn’t support for both paths. The memory of being in the city with my Dad is a particularly meaningful one since he was the sole breadwinner in our house, and my brothers and my time with him was always limited by how much he had to work. And we were an incredibly privileged family—our hardships were the stuff of other family’s dreams.

The deeper into the issue of paid parental leave I go, the clearer I see the connection between persisting barriers to women’s full equality and empowerment, and the need to redefine and in some cases, destigmatize men’s role as caregivers. In other words, to liberate women, we need to liberate men.

The assumption and common practice that women and girls look after the home and the family is a stubborn and very real stereotype that not only discriminates against women, but limits men’s participation and connection within the family and society. These limitations have broad-ranging and significant effects, for them and for children. We know this. So why do we continue to undervalue fathers and overburden mothers?

Paid parental leave is not about taking days off work; it is about creating freedom to define roles, to choose how to invest time, and to establish new, positive cycles of behavior. Companies that have offered paid parental leave for employees have reported improved employee retention, reduced absenteeism and training costs, and boosted productivity and morale. Far from not being able to afford to have paid parental leave, it seems we can't afford not to.

In fact, a study in Sweden showed that every month fathers took paternity leave, the mothers’ income increased by 6.7 per cent. That’s 6.7 per cent more economic freedom for the whole family. Data from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey shows that most fathers report that they would work less if it meant that they could spend more time with their children. How many of us here today saw our Dads enough growing up? How many of you Dads here see your kids enough now?

We need to help each other if we are going to grow.

Along with UN Women, I am issuing a call to action for countries, companies and institutions globally to step-up and become champions for paid parental leave. In 2013, provisions for parental leave were in only 66 countries out of 190 UN member states. I look forward to beginning with the UN itself which has not yet achieved parity and who's paid parental leave policies are currently up for review. Let us lead by example in creating a world in which women and men are not economically punished for wanting to be parents.

I don't mean to imply that you need to have children to care about and benefit from this issue—whether you have—or want—kids, you will benefit by living in a more evolved world with policies not based on gender. We all benefit from living in a more compassionate time where our needs do not make us weak, they make us fully humans.

Maternity leave, or any workplace policy based on gender, can—at this moment in history—only ever be a gilded cage. Though it was created to make life easier for women, we now know it creates a perception of women as being inconvenient to the workplace. We now know it chains men to an emotionally limited path. And it cannot serve the reality of a world in which there is more than one type of family. Because in the modern world, some families have two daddies. How exactly does maternity leave serve them?

Today, on International Women’s Day, I would like to thank all those who went before in creating our current policies—let us honour them and build upon what they started by shifting our language- and therefore our consciousness—away from gender and towards opportunity. Let us honor our own parents sacrifice by creating a path for a fairer, farther reaching truth to define all our lives, especially the lives our children.

Because paid parental leave does more than give more time for parents to spend with their children. It changes the story of what children observe, and will from themselves imagine possible.

I see cause for hope. In my own country, the United States—currently the only high income country in the world without paid maternity let alone parental leave—great work has begun in the states of New York, California, New Jersey, Rhode Island and Washington which are currently implementing paid parental leave programs. First Lady Charlene McCray and Mayor Bill de Blasio have granted paid parental leave to over 20,000 government employees in NYC. We can do this.

Bringing about change cannot just be the responsibility of those who need it most; we must have the support of those at the highest levels of power if we are ever to achieve parity. That is why it is such an honor to recognize and congratulate pioneers of paid parental leave like the global company Danone. Today I am proud to announce Danone Global CEO, Emmanuel Faber as our inaugural HeForShe Thematic Champion for Paid Parental Leave. As part of this announcement, Danone will implement a global 18 weeks gender-neutral paid parental leave policy for the company’s 100,000 employees by the year 2020. Monsieur Faber, when Ambassador Emma Watson delivered her now iconic HeForShe speech and stated that if we live in a world where men occupy a majority of positions of power, we need men to believe in the necessity of change, I believe she was speaking about visionaries like you. Merci.

Imagine what the world could look like one generation from now if a policy like Danone's becomes the new standard. If 100,000 people become 100 million.

A billion.

More.

Every generation must find their north.

When women around the world demanded the right to vote, we took a fundamental step toward equality.

North.

When the same sex marriage law was passed in the US, we put an end to a discriminatory law.

North.

When millions of men and boys answered Emma Watson’s call to be HeForShe, the world grew.

North.

We must ask ourselves, how will we be more tomorrow than we are today?

The whole world grows when people like you and me take a stand because we know that beyond the idea of howwomen and men are different, there is a deeper truth that love is love, and parents are parents.

Thank you.

- See more at: http://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2017/3/speech-anne-hathaway-iwd-2017#sthash.jMZaVEjn.dpuf

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テーマ:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=55c7IhTdyVk

 

Mexicanas y mexicanos:

Es un gusto saludarlos al iniciar 2017. Espero que hayan celebrado en familia las fiestas decembrinas y de Año Nuevo.

Éste será un año de importantes retos; retos para México, para el Gobierno y para nuestra sociedad. Son retos para los que estamos preparados si los enfrentamos unidos.

El primero, sin duda, es el aumento en el precio de las gasolinas.

Sé que hay mucha molestia y enojo por esta situación. Son sentimientos que entiendo y que comprendo.

Por eso, hoy quiero ofrecerles una amplia explicación sobre este tema, esperando que ayude a aclarar las dudas que todavía hay.

En primer lugar, es importante subrayar que este ajuste en el precio de la gasolina no se debe a la Reforma Energética ni tampoco a un aumento en los impuestos.

Por qué subió entonces el precio de la gasolina. Porque en el último año, en todo el mundo, el precio del petróleo aumentó cerca de 60 por ciento.

Esto, a su vez, ha aumentado el precio internacional de la gasolina, lo que nos afecta directamente, ya que desde hace años, México importa más de la mitad de los combustibles que consumimos.

En pocas palabras, se trata de un aumento que viene del exterior. El Gobierno no recibirá ni un centavo más de impuestos por este incremento.

Tratar de mantener el precio artificial de las gasolinas nos hubiera obligado a recortar programas sociales, a subir impuestos o a incrementar la deuda del país, poniendo en riesgo la estabilidad de toda la economía.

De hecho, mantener un precio artificial de la gasolina en 2017, como el que teníamos en diciembre, habría significado un gasto adicional de más de 200 mil millones de pesos.

Este monto equivale a paralizar por cuatro meses todos los servicios del Seguro Social, desde consultas con el médico familiar, hasta cirugías, guarderías y servicios de emergencia; interrumpir dos años completos los apoyos que entrega el Programa PROSPERA a casi 7 millones de familias; suspender tres años el Seguro Popular, que cuida la salud de más de 50 millones de mexicanos.

Aquí les pregunto: qué hubieran hecho ustedes.

Además, mantener precios artificiales de la gasolina significaría quitarles recursos a los mexicanos más pobres para dárselos a los que más tienen.

Los datos duros hablan por sí mismos: 60 millones de mexicanos, los de menores ingresos, sólo consumen el 15 por ciento de la gasolina, mientras que 12 millones, el 10 por ciento de la población de mayores ingresos, consume 40 por ciento de la gasolina.

En el pasado, otros gobiernos decidieron mantener artificialmente bajo el precio de la gasolina, para evitar costos políticos.

Lo pudieron hacer porque el país producía más petróleo, que se vendía más caro que nunca en la historia y el Gobierno tenía ingresos excedentes.

Así, tan sólo en el sexenio anterior, se perdieron casi un billón de pesos, es decir un millón de millones, subsidiando la gasolina.

Y digo que se perdieron porque literalmente fue dinero que se quemó regalando gasolina, en lugar de invertir en cosas más productivas como sistemas de transporte público, escuelas, universidades y hospitales.

En nuestro caso, lo primero que hicimos antes de tomar esta medida, fue recortar el gasto del propio Gobierno de la República en casi 190 mil millones de pesos. Incluso, a la fecha, hemos tenido que eliminar alrededor de 20 mil plazas laborales, lo que representa una reducción en sueldos y prestaciones de más de 7 mil 700 millones de pesos.

Adicional a lo anterior a partir del primer trimestre de este año, se reducirá en 10 por ciento la partida de sueldos y salarios de servidores públicos de mando superior de dependencias federales.

A pesar de esta explicación sé que el hecho de que las gasolinas se ajusten a su precio internacional es un cambio difícil.

Pero como Presidente mi responsabilidad es justamente tomar decisiones difíciles en el presente, para evitar afectaciones mayores en el futuro.

Si no cuidáramos la estabilidad de nuestra economía, qué pasaría.

Habría jefes y jefas de familia que perderían su trabajo; jóvenes que hoy se están graduando, no encontrarían  un empleo; las parejas que acaban de comprar una casa a crédito, verían muy difícil completar sus pagos; y las amas de casa verían que su gasto ya no les alcanza, pues subirían todos los precios.

Eso es lo que pasa cuando un país pierde su estabilidad económica: las familias, sobre todo las de menores ingresos, acaban siendo profundamente afectadas. Y para evitarlo, es que hoy el Gobierno está tomando decisiones difíciles.

Para proteger a la población y evitar que el aumento en el precio de las gasolinas sea pretexto para incrementos injustificados en otros productos o servicios, he dado indicaciones a las dependencias de gobierno, para que mantengan una permanente vigilancia para evitar abusos.

Además, el Gobierno de la República está dialogando con los sectores productivos, para diseñar un paquete de medidas que apoye la economía de las familias, fomente la inversión, y promueva el empleo.

El otro reto que deberemos enfrentar en 2017, es el de construir una relación positiva con el nuevo Gobierno de los Estados Unidos.

Refrendaremos los sentimientos de amistad del pueblo de México con el pueblo norteamericano, y trabajaremos con toda decisión para mantener y fortalecer las relaciones económicas, culturales y familiares entre los dos países.

México sabrá defender y asegurar el respeto y el reconocimiento internacional que se ha ganado en el mundo.

Para hacerlo, nuestro país cuenta con su inquebrantable dignidad, la fuerza de su historia, su cultura excepcional y, hoy como siempre, con la unidad nacional.

La unidad es el valor supremo que ha permitido a México preservar su independencia y soberanía, y afrontar con éxito los mayores desafíos de nuestra historia. La unidad nacional la construimos cada día, entre todos.

La unidad está hecha de compartir valores profundos, de amor a la Patria y del orgullo de ser mexicanos; de cumplir todos los días con el esfuerzo generoso por nuestros hijos, nuestra familia y nuestro país; de mantener y desplegar los sentimientos de solidaridad que nos brindamos unos a otros, sobre todo, en momentos difíciles.

Tengo plena confianza en que, inspirados en nuestra unidad, México y los mexicanos estamos preparados para hacer frente a cualquier reto.

Con esa confianza, trabajaré para que cada hogar y cada familia, tenga un 2017 de salud, éxito y bienestar.

Muchas gracias.

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テーマ:

https://www.ted.com/talks/lux_narayan_what_i_learned_from_2_000_obituaries

0:11 Joseph Keller used to jog around the Stanford campus, and he was struck by all the women jogging there as well. Why did their ponytails swing from side to side like that? Being a mathematician, he set out to understand why.

0:28 (Laughter)

0:29 Professor Keller was curious about many things: why teapots dribble or how earthworms wriggle. Until a few months ago, I hadn't heard of Joseph Keller. I read about him in the New York Times, in the obituaries. The Times had half a page of editorial dedicated to him, which you can imagine is premium space for a newspaper of their stature.

0:52 I read the obituaries almost every day. My wife understandably thinks I'm rather morbid to begin my day with scrambled eggs and a "Let's see who died today."

1:03 (Laughter)

1:05 But if you think about it, the front page of the newspaper is usually bad news, and cues man's failures. An instance where bad news cues accomplishment is at the end of the paper, in the obituaries.

1:18 In my day job, I run a company that focuses on future insights that marketers can derive from past data — a kind of rearview-mirror analysis. And we began to think: What if we held a rearview mirror to obituaries from the New York Times? Were there lessons on how you could get your obituary featured — even if you aren't around to enjoy it?

1:41 (Laughter)

1:42 Would this go better with scrambled eggs?

1:45 (Laughter)

1:47 And so, we looked at the data. 2,000 editorial, non-paid obituaries over a 20-month period between 2015 and 2016. What did these 2,000 deaths — rather, lives — teach us?

2:03 Well, first we looked at words. This here is an obituary headline. This one is of the amazing Lee Kuan Yew. If you remove the beginning and the end, you're left with a beautifully worded descriptor that tries to, in just a few words, capture an achievement or a lifetime. Just looking at these is fascinating. Here are a few famous ones, people who died in the last two years. Try and guess who they are.

2:27 [An Artist who Defied Genre] That's Prince.

2:31 [Titan of Boxing and the 20th Century] Oh, yes.

2:34 [Muhammad Ali]

2:35 [Groundbreaking Architect] Zaha Hadid.

2:39 So we took these descriptors and did what's called natural language processing, where you feed these into a program, it throws out the superfluous words — "the," "and," — the kind of words you can mime easily in "Charades," — and leaves you with the most significant words. And we did it not just for these four, but for all 2,000 descriptors. And this is what it looks like. Film, theatre, music, dance and of course, art, are huge. Over 40 percent. You have to wonder why in so many societies we insist that our kids pursue engineering or medicine or business or law to be construed as successful. And while we're talking profession, let's look at age — the average age at which they achieved things. That number is 37. What that means is, you've got to wait 37 years ... before your first significant achievement that you're remembered for — on average — 44 years later, when you die at the age of 81 — on average.

3:39 (Laughter)

3:40 Talk about having to be patient.

3:41 (Laughter)

3:43 Of course, it varies by profession. If you're a sports star, you'll probably hit your stride in your 20s. And if you're in your 40s like me, you can join the fun world of politics.

3:53 (Laughter)

3:54 Politicians do their first and sometimes only commendable act in their mid-40s.

3:58 (Laughter)

3:59 If you're wondering what "others" are, here are some examples. Isn't it fascinating, the things people do and the things they're remembered for?

4:07 (Laughter)

4:11 Our curiosity was in overdrive, and we desired to analyze more than just a descriptor. So, we ingested the entire first paragraph of all 2,000 obituaries, but we did this separately for two groups of people: people that are famous and people that are not famous. Famous people — Prince, Ali, Zaha Hadid — people who are not famous are people like Jocelyn Cooper, Reverend Curry or Lorna Kelly. I'm willing to bet you haven't heard of most of their names. Amazing people, fantastic achievements, but they're not famous. So what if we analyze these two groups separately — the famous and the non-famous? What might that tell us?

4:51 Take a look. Two things leap out at me. First: "John."

5:00 (Laughter)

5:02 Anyone here named John should thank your parents —

5:06 (Laughter)

5:07 and remind your kids to cut out your obituary when you're gone. And second: "help."

5:17 We uncovered, many lessons from lives well-led, and what those people immortalized in print could teach us. The exercise was a fascinating testament to the kaleidoscope that is life, and even more fascinating was the fact that the overwhelming majority of obituaries featured people famous and non-famous, who did seemingly extraordinary things. They made a positive dent in the fabric of life. They helped.

5:45 So ask yourselves as you go back to your daily lives: How am I using my talents to help society? Because the most powerful lesson here is, if more people lived their lives trying to be famous in death, the world would be a much better place.

6:02 Thank you.

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