http://newsinfo.inq7.net/breakingnews/nation/view_article.php?article_id=25502


By Abigail L. Ho
Inquirer
Last updated 10:40pm (Mla time) 10/08/2006

THE LOCAL biodiesel industry will need $65 million in additional investments to ensure it can meet the demand that the passage of the pending biofuels bill is expected to produce, a former energy official said.

In a presentation before various foreign chambers in the country, former energy undersecretary Jose Victor Emmanuel de Dios, now with consultancy firm Merritt Energy, said the $65-million investment would be needed to put up biodiesel facilities with a total capacity of 306 million liters by 2011.

If additional investments could be raised, he said the current in-country biodiesel production capacity of 126 million liters a year could be jacked up to 161 million liters a year by 2009, 167 million liters a year by 2010 and 432 million liters a year by 2011.

The Philippine National Oil Co. Alternative Fuels Corp. (PNOC-AFC) last month signed a memorandum of understanding with Korean firm Samsung Corp. for an P8.2-billion jatropha facility and refinery project, involving a 120,000-hectare jatropha plantation worth P6 billion, and a 200,000-metric ton biodiesel refinery worth P2.23 billion.

The state firm is also currently in talks with two entities, an American firm and local biodiesel producer Chemrez Inc., for similar agreements.

In an earlier interview, PNOC-AFC president Peter Anthony Abaya said the state firm was working on memoranda of understanding for 400,000-MT biodiesel plants with each of the two firms.

Apart from biodiesel, De Dios said there were also a lot of investment opportunities in the area of bio-ethanol production as the industry needed $460 million worth of investments to meet projected demand up to 2010.

He said the $460-million investment would be enough to put up ethanol refineries with an aggregate capacity of 471 million liters a year by 2010.

If investors could infuse this amount in the local industry from this year onwards, he said in-country ethanol production capacity could reach 220 million liters a year by 2008, 228 million liters a year by 2009, and 471 million liters a year by 2010.

Investments on top of the $460 million, he said, could jack up ethanol refining capacity to 488 million liters a year by 2011 and 505 million liters a year by 2012.

The pending Biofuels Bill is expected to create a market for biodiesel and bio-ethanol, as it will mandate the use of a 1-percent coco methyl ester (CME) blend for diesel and a 5 to 10-percent ethanol blend for gasoline.



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http://j.peopledaily.com.cn/2006/10/04/jp20061004_63644.html



第11期五カ年計画(2006~10年、「十一」)期間中、国はバイオマスや石炭油などの石油に代わる燃料の開発に向けて資金投入を強化し、直面する石油の安定供給の問題に対応していく方針だ。

財政部は現在、関連部門との研究や連携を通じて、石油の代替戦略を実施しつつある。同部は▽バイオマスの石油代替プロジェクト▽建築物における浅層低温地熱エネルギーと太陽エネルギーの利用推進プロジェクト▽石炭油と風力エネルギーの利用プロジェクト――などに対し、財政的支援を与えるよう提案している。

国土資源部の推計では、中国の石油採掘期限はわずか15年で、05年には対外依存度がすでに43%に達している。関連部門の予測によると、20年には国内の石油需要は4億5千万トンに達し、うち2億トンは国内で生産し、2億5千万トンは海外から輸入することになる。ここ数年間の国際原油価格の高騰が中国経済に与える影響もますます増大している。

十一期間中、財政部はエネルギー問題の解決を最重要課題と位置付け、消費者への省エネ指導を土台とし、石油の代替エネルギーの発展を加速させるとともに、エネルギーの戦略的備蓄に関する研究を積極的に進めるなどして、エネルギーの安定供給を保障するとしている。(編集KS)

「人民網日本語版」2006年10月4日

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