難単攻略

難しめ英単語にはまってます。現在、英検1級単語問題独断予想中。2016年第3回でようやく1単語と的中率低すぎながら、懲りずに続けてます。
上級1000英単語を学ぶためのテキスト「難単攻略」も見ていただけるとうれしい。

問題の答えを、白字から薄字に変更しました。 (2017/4/27)


難単攻略 ウェブ版

(音も全部入りました。更に音声をダウンロードできるようにするなど、使いやすく改良予定)  (2016/3/7)

NEW !
テーマ:

1.Collins Cobuildの単語の定義の見出し語を下の単語の中から適当なものを選び、必要ならば形を変えて()に入れてください。単語をクリックすると、Collins Cobuildの単語ページが表示されます。


A A/An (     ) of something is an idea, argument, or fact that results directly from it.
B A/An (     ) action is skilful and often quick.
C (     ) is used to describe something that happens at the same time as another thing and is connected with it.
D (     ) is used to emphasize how serious or terrible a situation or event is.
E If someone (     ) to do something, they agree to do it, but in a way which shows that they think they are better than other people and should not have to do it.
F If someone's power or freedom is (     ), it is limited or restricted.
G When something (     ) or when you (     ) it, it becomes less or becomes less strong until it disappears or goes away completely.
H You use (     ) to describe someone who is extremely skilful. / If two people (     ) a marriage or relationship, they make it complete by having sex.


1 circumscribe、 2 concomitant、 3 condescend、 4 consummate
5 corollary、 6 deft、 7 dire、 8 dissipate

 

 

答え


A A (5 corollary) of something is an idea, argument, or fact that results directly from it.
B A (6
deft) action is skilful and often quick.
C (2
Concomitant) is used to describe something that happens at the same time as another thing and is connected with it.
D (7
Dire) is used to emphasize how serious or terrible a situation or event is.
E If someone (3
condescends) to do something, they agree to do it, but in a way which shows that they think they are better than other people and should not have to do it.
F If someone's power or freedom is (1
circumscribed), it is limited or restricted.
G When something (8
dissipates) or when you (8 dissipate) it, it becomes less or becomes less strong until it disappears or goes away completely.
H You use (4
consummate) to describe someone who is extremely skilful. / If two people (4 consummate) a marriage or relationship, they make it complete by having sex.

 

2.上の英単語の意味を下から選んでください。単語をクリックすると、説明エントリーが表示されます。

1 circumscribe、 2 concomitant、 3 condescend、 4 consummate
5 corollary、 6 deft、 7 dire、 8 dissipate


A へりくだってしてくださる、偉そうにする
B 極めて深刻な
C 手際の良い
D 熟達した、結婚を完了する
E 消散する、浪費する
F 制限する、周囲に線を引く
G 直接の結果
H 付随する

 


答え


1 circumscribe F 制限する、周囲に線を引く
2
concomitant H 付随する
3
condescend A へりくだってしてくださる、偉そうにする
4
consummate D 熟達した、結婚を完了する
5
corollary G 直接の結果
6
deft C 手際の良い
7
dire B 極めて深刻な
8
dissipate E 消散する、浪費する

 

AD
いいね!した人  |  コメント(0)  |  リブログ(0)
同じテーマ 「復習問題」 の記事

テーマ:

動詞、形容詞、名詞混じってます

 

簡単めの語 (Oxford Advanced Learner's 参照)

 

12 [transitive] blow something (on something) (informal) to spend or waste a lot of money on something
 He inherited over a million dollars and blew it all on drink and gambling.
blow [blóu] (1) vt 「12.informal 大金を払ったり浪費したりする

 

1 to use more of something than is necessary or useful
waste something to waste time/food/energy
waste something on something Why waste money on clothes you don't need?
We got straight down to business without wasting time on small talk.
waste something (in) doing something She wasted no time in rejecting the offer
(= she rejected it immediately).
You're wasting your time trying to explain it to him (= because he will not understand).
2 waste something (on somebody/something) to give, say, use, etc. something good where it is not valued or used in the way that it should be
Don't waste your sympathy on him—he got what he deserved.
Her comments were not wasted on Chris
(= he understood what she meant).
waste [wéist] (2) vt 「1.不必要にまたは無駄に・・・を使う、2.良いことを価値のない所へまたは間違った方法で与えたり言ったり使ったりする

 

using more of something than is necessary; not saving or keeping something that could be used
The whole process is wasteful and inefficient.
a wasteful use of resources
The water shortage is due to wasteful consumption during a period of drought.
wasteful of something an engine that is wasteful of fuel
This system is wasteful of time and energy.

wasteful [wéistfl] (6) vt 「不必要に使う、使えるものは貯めたり保持したりしない

 

難しめの語

 

dissipate [dísəpèit] (12) formal vt 1.(煙・熱など、怒り・緊張など)を消散する、2.(金・時間・精力など)を浪費する、vi 消える
dissipation [dìsəpéɪʃən] (13) formal n 1.消散、2.浪費、3.放蕩
2 verb When someone dissipates money, time, or effort, they waste it in a foolish way. FORMAL
He is dissipating his time and energy on too many different things... V n (Collins COBUILD)
2.「(金・時間・努力など)を愚かな方法で浪費する

 

extravagant [ikstrǽvəgənt] (8) a 1.浪費する (with)、2.贅沢な、3.(言動などが)度を越した
extravagance [ikstrǽvəgəns] (9) n 1.浪費、2.贅沢(品)、3.途方もないこと
1 spending a lot more money or using a lot more of something than you can afford or than is necessary
I felt very extravagant spending £100 on a dress.
She's got very extravagant tastes.
Residents were warned not to be extravagant with water, in view of the low rainfall this year.
 (Oxford Advanced Learner's)
1.「自分がまかなえる以上または必要以上に、お金をや物を使う

 

fritter [frítər] (23) vt (時間・金など)を浪費する (away)、/ n フリッター(揚げ物)
fritter something away (on something) to waste time or money on things that are not important
 He frittered away the millions his father had left him. (Oxford Advanced Learner's)

重要でないことに時間やお金を浪費する

 

prodigal [prɑ́digl] (12) a formal 1.(金・時間などを)浪費する、2.放蕩な、n formal 放蕩者
prodigal implies reckless or wasteful lavishness threatening to lead to early exhaustion of resources. (•prodigal spending) (Merriam-Webster)
資産をすぐに使い果たしてしまうような無謀で無駄使いの消費を示唆」
新約聖書ルカの福音書15章に出てくる「放蕩息子のたとえ話」は、"Parable of the Prodigal Son"

 

profligate [prɑ́fligət] (16) formal, disapproving a (金・時間・品物などを)浪費する
(formal, disapproving) using money, time, materials, etc. in a careless way synonym wasteful
profligate spending
the profligate use of resources
The opposition criticized the government’s profligate spending plans.
The report dismisses claims that the US is profligate in its use of energy.
 (Oxford Advanced Learner's)
金・時間・材料などを不注意に使う

 

splurge [splə́ːrdʒ] (17) v 派手に散財する (on)、n 大散財
to spend more money than you can usually afford SYN splash out
splurge (something) on something
  ▪ Within a couple of months, I'd splurged about £2,500 on clothes. (Longman)
普通にまかなえる以上にお金を使う

 

squander [skwɑ́ndər] (11) vt (金・時間・機会など)を無駄使いする (on)
to carelessly waste money, time, opportunities etc:
  ▪ The home team squandered a number of chances in the first half.
squander something on something
  ▪ They squandered the profits on expensive cars. (Longman)
不注意に金・時間・機会などを浪費する

 

AD
いいね!した人  |  コメント(0)  |  リブログ(0)

テーマ:

dispel [dispél] (10) vt (考え・感情・信念など)を一掃する
To dispel is to drive away or scatter usually intangible things so that they vanish or cease to exist: Photographs of the race dispelled all doubts as to which horse won. (Random House)
通常無形のものを消えてなくなるように、追い払ったり追い散らしたりする

 

disperse [dispə́ːrs] (10) vt,vi 1.(群衆など)を四散させる/が四散する、2.(気体・種など)を散らす/が散る
To disperse is usually to cause a compact or organized tangible body to separate or scatter in different directions, to be reassembled if desired: Tear gas dispersed the mob. (Random House)
通常密集して組織された実体のある集団を分けてあちこちの方向に追い散らす、もし望めば再度集合させることも

 

dissipate [dísəpèit] (12) formal vt 1.(煙・熱など、怒り・緊張など)を消散する、2.(金・時間・精力など)を浪費する、vi 消える
dissipate stresses complete disintegration or dissolution and final disappearance (•the fog was dissipated by the morning sun). (Merriam-Webster)
完全な崩壊・分解及び最終的な消滅を強調」

 

scatter [skǽtər] (4) vt 1.・・・を撒き散らす、2.(群集・動物など)を追い散らす、vi (群集・動物など)が四散する
To scatter is to separate something tangible into parts at random, and drive these in different directions: The wind scattered leaves all over the lawn. (Random House)
実体のあるものをランダムに分け、それらを異なる方向に追い散らす

 

参照 (類義語比較)
American Heritage scatter
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/scatter
Merriam-Webster scatter
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/scatter
Random House scatter
http://www.dictionary.com/browse/scatter

 

AD
いいね!した人  |  コメント(0)  |  リブログ(0)

テーマ:

dissipate [dísəpèit] (12) formal vt 1.(煙・熱など、怒り・緊張など)を消散する、2.(金・時間・精力など)を浪費する、vi 消える
dissipation [dìsəpéɪʃən] (13) formal n 1.消散、2.浪費、3.放蕩

 

語源 (Oxford Advanced Learner's)
Word Origin late Middle English: from Latin dissipat- ‘scattered’, from the verb dissipare, from dis- ‘apart, widely’ + supareto throw’.
ラテン語 dissipat- 「点在する」 ← dissiparedis- 「離れて、広く」 + supare投げる

 

意味 (Longman)
1. [INTRANSITIVE AND TRANSITIVE]
to gradually become less or weaker before disappearing completely, or to make something do this:
  ▪ As he thought it over, his anger gradually dissipated.
  ▪ Little by little, the smoke was dissipated by the breeze.

2. [TRANSITIVE]
to waste something valuable such as time, money, or energy:
  ▪ His savings were soon dissipated.
1.「徐々に少なく・弱くなり完全に消える、また・・・をそうさせる
2.「時間・金・精力など価値のあるものを浪費する

 

例文 (3・5番目はCollins COBUILD、他はLongman)
▪ An evaporation system is used to dissipate heat from the sun and protect the shuttle's electronics.
▪ The gas cloud had dissipated by late morning.
The tension in the room had dissipated.
▪ She had dissipated her fortune by the time she was twenty-five.
He is dissipating his time and energy on too many different things.
▪ Kirov's anger dissipated somewhat as he played the recording over a couple of times.

 

類義語
「散らす」及び「浪費(する)」の類義語は、次週

 

いいね!した人  |  コメント(0)  |  リブログ(0)

テーマ:

dire [dáiər] (11) a 1.(状況・貧困などが)極めて深刻な、(必要・危険などが)差し迫った、2.informal とても低質な

 

語源 (Oxford Advanced Learner's)
Word Origin mid 16th cent.: from Latin dirusfearful, threatening’.
ラテン語 dirus恐ろしい、威嚇的な

 

意味 (Oxford Advanced Learner's)
1 [usually before noun] (formal) very serious
living in dire poverty
dire warnings/threats
Such action may have dire consequences.
We're in dire need of your help.
The firm is in dire straits
(= in a very difficult situation) and may go bankrupt.
2 (British English, informal) very bad
 The acting was dire.
1.「極めて深刻な
2.「とても悪い

 

コロケーション
dire warning/threat/prediction/forecast/poverty/need/consequence/situation/strait

 

例文 (Longman)
▪ Several of these additives contain dire warnings of quite nasty effects, particularly upon certain groups of susceptible persons.
▪ The threats were dire enough to make the Republicans look reckless when they refused to budge.
▪ The crisis has unsettled financial markets and brought dire predictions of revolution or civil war from some politicians.
▪ The most dire forecasts say rising mercury on Earth could bring about both devastating floods and droughts.
▪ This dire situation exists despite a welter of management plans, royalties, taxes, and fees.

▪ The situation Clinton faces in 1996 is not nearly as dire as that which confronted Carter in 1979.

▪ Screen acting doesn't get much more dire than this.

 

いいね!した人  |  コメント(0)  |  リブログ(0)

AD

ブログをはじめる

たくさんの芸能人・有名人が
書いているAmebaブログを
無料で簡単にはじめることができます。

公式トップブロガーへ応募

多くの方にご紹介したいブログを
執筆する方を「公式トップブロガー」
として認定しております。

芸能人・有名人ブログを開設

Amebaブログでは、芸能人・有名人ブログを
ご希望される著名人の方/事務所様を
随時募集しております。